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  • British Empire Games 1938 cycling
    Such events were a rarity in both Britain and the colonies at the time where individual time trialling over fixed distances 10 25 50 and 100 miles and times 12 and 24 hours were the traditional form of road sport The introduction of the mass start format at Sydney brought the Empire Games into line with the Olympic Games road race and the UCI annual world amateur road championship of that era and hence into cycling s modern age It was therefore a revolutionary step The Sydney Empire Games road title event was held over a distance of 100km 62 14 miles in a local park The race took the form of 15 laps of a 6 6km 4 14 mile circuit which included a series of short strength sapping sharp climbs and three tight corners It was a South African Hennie Binneman who emerged as the winner in a time of 2hrs 53 mins 29 6secs Average speed 34 7kph 21 6mph Binneman triumphed in a four man final sprint beating the New Zealander John Brown silver medallist and the Englishman Ray Jones bronze medallist All three were given the same time Binneman was one of two South Africans who started in the road event the other being Sid Rose Both came from Cape Town which was a hotbed of the sport at the time Sid Rose extreme right and two clubmates Sid is with Ted Clayton left and Harry Bairstow centre All three were members of Cape Town s City CC established in 1881 when high wheel Ordinaries were raced at the Cape Both Binneman and Rose had contested track events at the Games In the 1 000 metre individual TT won by R Porter of Australia in 1 15 2 Rose finished 11th and Binneman 13th Rose

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/extras/brit-emp-games-1938-extras.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Cinelli Corsa
    1960 58 5 cm x 58 cm Two hole in the bottom bracket Wheels Nisi rims on Campagnolo small flange quick release hubs Tubular tyres Chainset Campagnolo Record 170 mm Pedals Sheffield steel with Christophe clips Binda straps Gears Campagnolo Record 1959 Rear Campagnolo Gransport front mech Campagnolo Gransport clamp on shifters with redundant cable stops Brakes Universal with Model 51 levers Stem Bars Cinelli Model Giro d Italia bars

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/cinelli-corsa-lazzizzera-it-classics.html (2016-02-09)
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  • HARDEN HUBS and other cycle products produced by the Harden Tool and Gauge Company
    freehubs was not widely adopted until the late 1980s you quickly realise just how innovative this design was Simplex and Bayliss Wiley had both produced freehubs in the late 1930s but these were based around conventional bearings Both the freehub and the bottom bracket were produced in very small qualities according to David Goss around 35 of each At the height of cycle component production they employed about sixty staff Also in 1949 they advertised the Flywate see image left a conventional cup and cone large flange hub Some of these are not marked Harden but can be recognised by the fact they used the Tecalemit nipple and have the distinctive Harden profile Although these we cheaper than the annular bearing Hardens they were still more expensive that competitors like Bayliss Wiley or Airlite and thus were not a commercial success The switch to conventional bearings was made all the easier as David Goss s sister in law was employed by a manufacturer of cup and cones Finally in 1949 they advertised their final cycle product a differential tricycle axle the Harden Biggs During the course of my research I have been unable to locate one It is possible it never progressed beyond the prototype stage although it is referred to in an advertisement in Cycling in that year Harden continued in the cycle trade until 1953 but there was no further innovation after 1949 Indeed David Goss suggests that they did not produce any hubs after 1950 merely selling existing stock Their departure from the cycle business seems to have coincided with Don Humpage leaving to form a sub contracting company Beacon Tool Company Also at this time there was the general decline in the lightweight cycle trade with the start of the car boom Not long after their introduction cyclist began to experience technical problems with the hubs Considerable numbers were returned usually with bearing problems which cyclist and dealers believed to be unrepairable Harden advertised a special service for local racing cyclists the opportunity to service your hubs by opening the factory on Saturday morning For other cyclists they offered a 24 hour turnaround time By 1951 this task had been given to outside contractors By 1954 this service has ceased Harden tried to fit stronger bearing but to no avail Clearly there were problems but one wonders how much was caused by dealers and cyclists not understanding that it was possible to obtain replacement bearings and doing the job yourself According to David Goss We made more money than selling hubs setting up a repair service to replace the ball race bearings which had a very short life due to them being overstressed for the job they were expected to fulfil Even Cycling magazine s technical expert The Lightweight Man writing 25th May 1960 stated that the bearings were not available He was put right by a reader R E Greenbury a couple of weeks later who pointed out this was a fallacy and that they

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/harden-steveg.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Des Robinson
    1950 After that date he rode on an Ellis Briggs of later manufacture If Des s younger brother Brian had had a sprint finish of the same calibre as his brothers he would have won many more races during his career one that springs to mind is Milan Sanremo where Brian finished 3rd behind Poblet and Debruyne Below the pictures the hand written palmares by Des himself Finish of the

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/riders/robinson-riders-browne.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Buckley Brothers cycle frame builders
    producing one of the lightest bikes at that time which weighed only 13lbs and displayed at the first Lightweight Show as well as a 22lb tandem frame Buckleys were not just cycle makers but innovators patenting a strut between the bottom brackets of tandems designing triangulated chain stays and rigidride frames The build quality of each frame was excellent and their attention to detail must have influenced Bill Philbrook Bill was a highly regarded frame builder whose fascination for bikes began with his apprenticeship with Buckley Brothers Above Details of a 23 Buckley frame sold on ebay believed to be late 40s on the seat tube it reads Registered Design No 818615 and Triangulated Chain Stays The chainstay profile can be seen in the lower image Mick Butler supplied the following Buckley Brothers prolific South London frame builder had two shops Beresford Street Camberwell Gate S E 5 and Wells Road Sydenham S E 26 They started in 1919 and survived into the 1950 s Their first lightweight racer weighed 17 5 lbs They built a special for a lightweight show which weighed in at only 13lbs This model went into production as their famous Model C Path Racer they also built Taper tube models All of their time trial frames could be fitted with square to round chain stays A feature on their ladies lightweights was that the seat clamp was fitted in reverse with the bolt facing the peak of the saddle They were pioneers in using Round Taper Stays on tandems and were very famous for their racing tricycles As I have said before each individual frame maker was strongly connected with a club Buckley s was the Rodney C C Evelyn Hamilton did a lot of publicity shoots for their Model C Publicity shot of Evelyn

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/builders/buckley-builders.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Racing-in-the Shadows, South Africa -Geoff Waters extras
    his assistant the team s riders were Dennis Khumalo Stanley Malang individual pursuit Pefeni Mtembu Thammy Phelani Samuel Ramabodu 10 mile champion and Jack Tshali match sprinter Together they succeeded in defeating the Rhodesian selection in a series of events and returned to a heroes welcome on the South African mines Samuel Ramabodu Western Holdings Mine with South African 1952 Helsinki Olympic silver medallist Jimmy Swift Ramabodu also participated in the 1975 Rapport Toer Competitive cycling on South Africa s gold mines continued to flourish in the 1970s As the decade progressed Black mine cyclists became increasingly involved in racing at international level In 1973 a team from the Doornfontein Mine managed by their mentor Jimmy Rose raced in Mozambique against Portuguese riders The team consisted of Abie Oromeng George Pitso Sam Ramabadu Elias Ramantele and Skelm Selatwe In 1974 four riders were selected to represent their home country Botswana at the British and Commonwealth Games in Christchurch New Zealand They were Stanley Malang John Moding Abie Oromeng and Jack Ntseou Elias Ramatele being congratulated by Jose Arregui MD of the Spanish components manufacturer Zeus after winning the 1971 Basil Cohen Trophy Basil right was an official at the meeting and is wearing a Referee Cycles armband In the 1960s White South African cycle sport which was controlled by the South African Cycling Federation SACF had found itself increasingly isolated internationally because of practicing apartheid in sport Excluded from participating in the Olympic Games from the 1964 Tokyo Olympics onwards in 1970 it was finally suspended by the Union Cycliste International UCI White SACF cyclists could therefore no longer compete in the annual UCI world championships or in any UCI affiliated races abroad In short White South African competitive cycling faced a crisis This produced a sudden change of heart at the SACF which is described in the Cohen biography as follows p 11 In 1970 Cyril Geoghegan SACF President announced that cycling teams would from then on only be selected on merit and that race would no longer play a role Basil Cohen representing the SAAA CF told a reporter that he was stunned by Geoghegan s sudden interest in black cycling now that his federation had been kicked out of the world cycling body He said that few SACF officials had ever attended a black cycling event but now all of a sudden they wanted to be at the forefront of promoting black cycling The SAAA CF alluded to here was the South African Amateur Athletic and Cycling Federation which represented Black athletes and cyclists including those from the country s gold mines Black cyclists and the South African Rapport Toer stage race Clover team in the inaugural 1973 Rapport Toer George O Brien manager Richard Moteka John Moding Abie Oromeng Elias Ramantele George Shabalala assistant manager In the early 1970s the White SACF thus faced the crisis of international isolation for practicing apartheid in sport In consultation with the apartheid state the SACF proposed the creation of an international rebel two week 2 000km amateur stage race between Cape Town and Johannesburg which would include both foreign and local teams The big difference would be that the local teams would consist of both Black and White riders For Black riders the SACF turned to the SAAA CF which provisionally agreed to field a team of its cyclists from the mines Thus in 1973 when the first Rapport Toer was to be held for the first time in the history of South African cycle sport Black and White riders were scheduled to compete together with official blessing Black cycling was finally about to emerge from the shadows of the mine dumps The White SACF s idea behind the Rapport Toer was to demonstrate to the UCI that it was sincere in its attempts to racially integrate cycle sport in South Africa However the apartheid government was adamant that Black and White cyclists could only compete in events together in South Africa provided that it was an international contest and to qualify as an international contest an event had to include a minimum of three foreign teams This created a new problem for the SACF since the foreign cycling nations were affiliated to the UCI which had banned its members from competing against SACF cyclists How could this problem be surmounted To do so the SACF organisers of the Rapport Toer turned to Basil Cohen for advice and help During the 1960s in the course of building Deale Huth up into a major lightweight cycle dealer in South Africa Basil had travelled extensively in Europe most notably in France and Italy to establish trade links with major manufacturers of lightweight machines and equipment In the process he had developed ties with key players in the European cycling scene of the day including team sponsors and suppliers To quote from the Cohen biography p 12 The government conceded to the idea of the Rapport Toer but only on condition that at least three overseas teams would have to take part The tour organizers knew that there was only one person who could achieve that namely Basil He flew to Europe and with his connections there Basil got an Italian and two French teams to participate in the first Rapport Toer When the field finally lined up in Cape Town in October 1973 for the start of the first Rapport Toer it included not only the three foreign teams and several White South African teams but also a team of Black mine workers Each team consisted of four riders together with support staff and each team wore kit emblazoned with the logos of local sponsors The Black team was sponsored by Clover a national dairy and its riders were John Moding Richard Moteka Abie Oromeng and Elias Ramatele managed by George O Brien and assisted by George Shabalala The 1973 Rapport Toer was won by the Italian Pierre Luigi Tagliavini South African Alan van Heerden won the points title and John

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/extras/racing-in-shadows-waters-extras.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Harden hubs - bearing replacement
    first thing in the morning If they were standing against the wall with a picture of Eileen Sheridan hanging above you were in a state of bliss as you dozed off However eventually probably after about fifty years comes the time when the silky spinning of the wheel begins to feel a bit gritty and the time has come to give the wheel an overhaul I am told it is essential to remove the grease nipple first to avoid damage The first job is to remove the outer nuts assuming you already have the track or wing nuts off and it pays to remember that axle threads get slightly deformed where it sits in the fork ends The Harden axle has flats so it is possible carefully to put the axle in a vice whilst getting these nuts off Once they are off take a fairly substantial polyurethane hammer and tap one end of the axle After a few taps you will notice that the oil seal has come away so remove it from the axle and put to one side Next to come away should be the caged bearing Now it is possible to remove the axle from the hub and having done so support the inner edge of the attached ball race say on a vice opened a fraction more than the axle diameter and again tap with the hammer until the seal and bearing come off the axle You should now have the shell and seven components including the axle After carefully cleaning everything it is now time to reassemble Note that if you have a gear fixed hub that the axle threads will be longer one side than the other Take one of the cages assuming that you have fingered grease into it from both sides and slide it up the axle and then use the vice as before except this time to tap the axle in It is a good idea to cut a ring disc in a sympathetic material to avoid scratching the hub best would be a disc with a centre hole which pushes equally on inner and outer bearing races Now feed the axle into the hub and slide on the other bearing it is now possible to use the open vice again to support the bearing whilst it is tapped in by the opposite axle end All that remains now is to slide on the seals and then the retaining bolts you may have to hold the axle flats in the vice to stop them twisting If there are no flats on the axle it is possible to use two nuts locked together on a free part of the axle These nuts can now be clamped in the vice to hold it whilst you work on it These instructions work with hub only or with a built up wheel Working with a complete wheel you need the radius of the wheel clear on all sides of the vice Harden also produced

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/harden-servicing.html (2016-02-09)
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  • F J Sanders
    and wonders if the clothing side of the business was not the most profitable The frames built by Fred were well built with good materials but not much attention was given to elaborate lugwork as this was not the vogue in those days Constrictor Sanders advert Cycling June 1926 H R Morris worked with Fred for two years 1927 29 and this was HRM s introduction to the cycle trade although he had always been keen on cycling Here he learned a lot about the art of frame building HRM built his first frame there when he was 16 years old It was for a friend who rode it for 22 years until it was destroyed in a road accident He later moved on to another company after two years in order to get a better paid job He did however remain best friends with Fred and Winnie for all of their lives eventually taking over the business at 28 Orford Street in the mid to late fifties F J Sanders produced a catalogue in the 1930s Mr Sanders has an accurate knowledge of all technical data connected with cycle craftsmanship All our machines are designed by him and made under his supervision All our machines are jig built thus obviating the straining of tubes and lugs after building All tubes are of course properly mitred and fitted and brazed in accordance with improved methods to ensure the correct application of heat This is most essential as with insufficient heat brazing cannot be guaranteed and too great a heat will burn the tubes and weaken them and take the life out of them All their machines were made from Reynolds A quality tubes containing the highest percentage of carbon The machines were guaranteed for ten years The catalogue lists Sanders

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/builders/f-j-sanders-builders.html (2016-02-09)
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