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  • Readers' Bikes: classic bikes and their details
    win of Ercole Baldini s Olympic gold medal in 1956 prior to this they were called Legnano Tipo Roma Wheels Fiamme red label 36 36 with Legnano pantographed hubs Campagnolo H F Chainset Campagnolo Nuovo Record Pedals Campagnolo Gears Campagnolo Nuovo Record 10spd Brakes Universal 61 centre pull Stem Bars Legnano pantographed stem Cinelli with Steel Cinelli Giro d Italia bars Saddle Brooks Extra details The Legnano is all original as it came to me only the bars and wheels were sourced the rest was all cleaned up and original I was told it dates 1967 the rear Nuovo Record derailleur that it came with has no year stamped only the words Patent these were introduced in 1967 The other factor which makes this a little more unique is that it has a very low serial number of 36 included a picture last owner didn t know any history but it could have been reserved as a special build Legnano showing head lugs Campagnolo hubs Universal levers Cinelli Legnano stem and bars Left rear view showing frame number clamping bolt to front of seat tube and Universal QR hanger which bolts into a braze on boss Right Legnano Universal 61

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/bikes/legnano-romeo-rb.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Maino cycle
    Universal Extra inc blocks brev 453949 stirrups and Model 51 first type 1951 61 levers new hoods Stem Bars Unknown make Saddle Unknown make perforated Made in England 73 on metal frame on Campagnolo 2 bolt alloy seatpin Extra details Purchased at L Eroica 2010 The great racer Constante Girardengo turned pro in 1913 with the Maino Dunlop team and Learco Guerra see image below won the 1933 Milan San Remo and the 1934 Giro d Italia both with Maino Guerra was also 1931 World Road Racing Champion and Champion of Italy from 1930 34 MAINO WAS A TOP END BIKE AND TEAM AT ONE TIME SEEMS A SHAME NO ONE KNOWS ABOUT THEM After WWII Giotto Cinelli was also good racer good enough to be on the Maino squad in 1936 and to finish in 10th place in Milan Sanremo 1919 I want to do business in iron and steel and make a fair and honest profit wrote Angelo Luigi Colombo aged 27 to the lessee of what was shortly to become A L Colombo s small factory the parent plant of the current Columbus tubing Angelo Luigi had started work for a metallurgical factory in Milan when he

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/bikes/maino-higgitt-rb.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Pogliaghi 'Ital Course' - 1976
    Wheels Mavic Monthillery Legere sprint rims on Campag small flange QR Record hubs Chainset Campagnolo Nuovo Record double chainset Pedals Campag Pista pedals Gears Campagnolo Nuovo Record front and rear gears Brakes Campagnolo Record Stem Bars Cinelli bar and stem Saddle Yellow Garadi saddle on Campag twin bolt seatpin Extra details It took me about 10 years to find this one it s light responsive and a pleasure to ride

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/bikes/pogliaghi-johnson-rb.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Readers' Bikes: classic bikes and their details
    must stop pedalling and twist the top part of the lever which allows the flippers on the chain stay to move back and forth pushing the chain into gear this has to be done while pedalling backwards Then the chain tension can be manually maintained onto the slotted teeth once in gear the rider can then resume pedalling This takes a while to get used to but does work well

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/bikes/romeo-romeo-rb.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Rossin cycle Italy
    Campagnolo Super Record with Campagnolo dropouts marked 58cm measures 57 cc seat tube 56 top tube Wheels Mavic 550RD Pro hubs Mavic GP4 rims with Schwalbe Milano tubs Chainset Campagnolo Super Record Strada double chainset with Rossin pantographed outer ring Pedals Campagnolo Super Record steel axle pedals Campagnolo toe clips with Alfredo Binda straps Gears Campagnolo Super Record front and rear changers with Super Record Record down tube levers Brakes

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/bikes/rossin-stitson-rb.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Chasing Rainbows by Geoff Waters
    Denmark Copenhagen 1922 France Paris Britain London 1923 Switzerland Zurich 1924 France Paris 1925 Netherlands Amsterdam 1926 Italy Milan 1927 Germany Cologne 1928 Hungary Budapest 1929 Switzerland Zurich 1930 Belgium Brussels 1931 Denmark Copenhagen 1932 Italy Rome 1933 France Paris 1934 Germany Leipzig 1935 Belgium Brussels 1936 Switzerland Zurich 1937 Denmark Copenhagen 1938 Netherlands Amsterdam Total no of championship years 19 During the interwar years several track sprinters emerged who dominated their events In the early 1920s Piet Moeskops Netherlands won the pro title 5 times In the late 1920s and early 1930s Lucién Michard France won a total of 6 amateur and pro titles The Belgian Jef Scherens took the pro sprint crown 6 times in the 1930s and then returned after WWII to win it for a seventh time in 1947 On the road Alfredo Binda Italy was a triple pro winner 1927 1930 and 1932 Australia s Bob Spears won the pro sprint title in 1920 but US cyclists disappeared entirely from the list of world championship winners in this era Thus cyclists from the Anglophone nations were generally eclipsed by the Continentals during this period The 1939 world championships in Milan were abandoned as war threatened but not before the Dutchman Jan Derksen had won the amateur sprint title on the Vigorelli velodrome The British team which included a youthful Reg Harris was already homeward bound by the time of Derksen s triumph Remarkably Derksen was to win the world pro sprint title twice after WWII once in 1946 and then again in 1957 by which time Harris had retired from racing WWII took a heavy toll on the world s cyclists Reg Harris was wounded in a tank battle in the western desert in North Africa but ultimately recovered Others were less fortunate Toni Merkens Germany the world amateur sprint champion in 1935 and Olympic sprint champion in 1936 who was a great favourite on British tracks died in 1944 from wounds sustained while fighting for the German army on the Russian front Merkens fellow German Teddy Richter the world amateur sprint champion in 1932 refused to wear the Nazi swastika emblem on his national jersey He died in in 1940 in mysterious circumstances after being removed from a train at the German Swiss border allegedly by the Gestapo The UCI world championships of the immediate post WWII period 1946 1957 Competitive cycling in the late 1940s and the 1950s was dominated by Italy Italian amateurs and professionals triumphed at the top level on both road and track Coppi Bartali and Magni were the leading roadmen and Ghella Faggin Messina and Maspes were the stellar names on the track Italians annexed 33 of the 84 world titles contested in this period with the Belgians a distant second 15 and the French third 13 See Table 4 In 1946 the UCI added the amateur 4 000m individual pursuit and the professional 5 000m individual pursuit to the roster of world track titles The new pro pursuit event attracted top roadmen like the Italian Fausto Coppi and the Swiss pedaleur de charme Hugo Koblet to the track It was an era in which top pro riders rode both the road and track Coppi won the world pro pursuit title in 1947 and 1949 and the Tour de France in 1949 and 1952 He first took the Giro d Italia in 1940 and then added further victories in it in 1947 1949 1952 and 1953 In 1953 he won the world pro road race title Koblet had been the Swiss national pursuit champion on several occasions and won the Tour de France in 1951 However it was his fellow Swiss Ferdi Kubler who triumphed in the Tour de France in 1950 and took the rainbow jersey in the world pro road race in 1951 Frenchman Louison Bobet who won the Tour successively in 1953 1954 and 1955 was world pro road champion in 1954 Belgian Rik van Steenbergen who was also an accomplished six day track rider was world pro road champion in both 1956 and 1957 The Australian Sid Patterson proved himself to be a remarkable trackman in this period In 1949 he won the world amateur sprint title in Denmark and then the amateur pursuit the following year After turning professional he proceeded to take the pro pursuit title twice first in 1952 and then again in 1953 His fellow Australian Jack Hoobin won the world amateur road race title in 1950 Table 4 UCI World Champions by Nation 1946 1957 Nation Amateur Titles Pro Titles Total Titles Australia 3 3 6 Belgium 2 11 13 Denmark 1 1 France 5 6 11 Germany West 1 1 Great Britain 3 4 7 Italy 17 11 28 Netherlands 3 8 11 Spain 1 1 Sweden 1 1 Switzerland 1 3 4 Totals 36 48 84 Events Track Pro Sprint Amateur Sprint Pro Stayer 1946 Pro Indiv Pursuit and Amateur Indiv Pursuit both introduced Road Pro Road Amateur Road Venues 1946 Switzerland Zurich 1947 France Paris 1948 Netherlands Amsterdam 1949 Denmark Copenhagen 1950 Belgium Liege 1951 Italy Milan 1952 France Paris Luxembourg 1953 Switzerland Zurich 1954 West Germany Zurich 1955 Italy Milan 1956 Denmark Copenhagen 957 Belgium Liege Total no of championship years 12 After WWII British cyclists staged a track racing revival led by Reg Harris In 1947 Harris sensationally won the world amateur sprint title in Paris to become a national hero He then proceeded to take the world pro sprint title four times winning it in 1949 1950 1951 and 1954 Together with an international group of fellow top pro sprinters Van Vliet Derksen Plattner Maspes Gerardin Harris drew thousands of spectators back to British tracks to watch sprinting contests between them Cyril Peacock world amateur sprint title winner in 1954 and Norman Sheil world amateur pursuit champion in 1955 and in 1958 further signalled Britain s international cycling revival But during the 1950s the Soviet Union and the newly established socialist states of Eastern Europe began to actively promote amateur competitive sport for both men and women Cycle sport was high on their agenda and they joined the Olympic movement and sporting bodies like the UCI Their flagship amateur road stage race was the Peace Race or Prague Berlin Warsaw which was held over the rough war ravaged roads of Eastern Europe It was won in 1952 by the British independent semi professional rider Ian Steel who was sponsored by Viking Cycles and rode the event as a member of the dissident BLRC British League of Racing Cyclists team This was the era of the Cold War between east and west when Eastern Bloc amateur riders increasingly began to successfully challenge their western counterparts at UCI world championships Simultaneously Eastern Bloc apparatchiks became involved in the UCI s politics and its administration of world cycle sport The ultimate goal of the Eastern Bloc s initiative was to achieve international sporting success thus tangibly demonstrating the superiority of the state socialist system as manifested in amateur sport over western capitalist societies and professional sport As a result the future course of cycle sport and the nature of the UCI s world championships in particular were to be profoundly influenced East meets west at the UCI world championships 1958 1969 During this era dramatic changes were made in both the structure of the UCI and the nature of the world championships The changes particularly favoured the ambitions of the Eastern Bloc nations In 1965 the UCI apparently under pressure from the strictly amateur IOC formally split into the amateur FIAC Fédération Internationale Amateur de Cyclisme and the professional FICP Fédération Internationale de Cyclisme Professionel with the UCI assuming an umbrella role The UCI president at the time was the Italian Adriano Rodoni who had been elected as the organisation s sixth president in 1958 He was to retain the position for a total of 23 years finally retiring in 1981 when he was succeeded by the Spaniard Luis Puig The amateur FIAC rapidly expanded to include over 120 member nations Eastern Bloc representatives succeeded in assuming key bureaucratic positions within the FIAC which enabled them to heavily influence the organisation s policies By the early 1970s the members of the four man FIAC executive committee consisted of a Pole a Russian an East German and an Italian Whereas the professional FICP was content to retain the existing pro world title events the amateur programme was revolutionised by the FIAC Specifically A programme of amateur women s world titles was introduced in 1958 This consisted of three events match sprint 3 000m individual pursuit mass start road race Also in 1958 the men s amateur motor paced stayers event was reintroduced It had been discontinued after WWI some 40 years earlier but was an event which remained popular especially in socialist East Germany In 1962 both the men s 4 000m amateur team pursuit and the men s 100km amateur road team time trial became world title events In 1966 the amateur tandem and amateur 1 000m individual time trial both for men were added to the world title programme Four of the new amateur events for men team pursuit road TTT tandem sprint and 1 000km individual TT were already established Olympic Games events which remained strictly amateur at this time Table 5 contains details of the world titles in the period 1958 1969 When compared to Table 4 the massive expansion in world amateur titles becomes apparent Whereas the number of pro world titles remained the same as in the previous 12 year period 4 per annum x 12 years 48 the amateur titles trebled They increased from a total of 36 for 1946 1957 to 108 between 1958 and 1969 Of these 72 were for amateur men and 36 were women s events The dominance of the Soviet Union in the amateur titles particularly in the new women s events is a striking feature See Table 5 For the Soviets the outstanding women s sprinter was Galina Ermolaeva who won the world title five times 1958 1961 and lastly in 1963 while the pursuiter Tamara Garushkina was world champion in 1967 and then again from 1970 to 1972 The significant number of women s titles won in this period by Belgium 8 and Great Britain 7 is deceptive since in both cases this was largely due to each having one leading competitor Yvonne Reynders for Belgium and Beryl Burton for Britain Reynders won three road championships 1959 1961 and 1963 and three pursuit titles 1961 1964 and 1965 Burton took the world pursuit title five times 1959 1960 1962 1963 and 1966 and won the road race in 1960 and 1967 During this period Britain also won two pro titles Tom Simpson triumphed in the1965 road race while in 1968 Hugh Porter won his first world pursuit title In 1967 Britain s Graham Webb won the world amateur road race However the Italians continued to dominate the men s world championships on both track and road In 1968 Vittorio Adorni won the pro road race The Italians were followed in the title stakes by the Belgians with the likes of Rik Van Looy winning the pro road race in both 1960 and 1961 and Eddy Merckx first taking the amateur road title in 1964 and then the pro road race 1967 The incomparable Merckx went on to win the pro road title twice more first in 1971 and then again in 1974 East German amateur men won six world titles in this period with Gustav Schur a multiple Peace Race victor winning the road title in 1958 and 1959 followed by teammate Bernhardt Eckstein in 1960 with Schur finishing second Schur reputedly held back to allow Eckstein to take the title Rudi Altig was the star West German cyclist during this period Noted for practicing yoga he won the world amateur pursuit title in 1959 the world pro pursuit title in 1960 and 1961 and the pro road title in 1966 after finishing second to his breakaway partner Tommy Simpson in the 1965 event Table 5 UCI World Champions by Nation 1958 1969 Nation Amateur Titles Pro Titles Total Titles Men Women Tot Belgium 5 8 13 12 25 Denmark 5 5 5 France 10 10 5 15 Germany East 6 1 7 7 Germany West 3 3 4 7 Great Britain 2 7 9 2 11 Italy 18 18 14 32 Luxembourg 1 1 1 Netherlands 13 1 14 5 19 Spain 1 1 5 6 Sweden 3 3 3 Switzerland 1 1 1 2 USA 1 1 1 USSR 5 17 22 22 Totals 72 36 108 48 156 Events Pro Men Sprint Pursuit Stayers Road Am Women All introduced in 1958 Sprint Pursuit Road Am Men Sprint Pursuit Road Stayers reintroduced in 1958 Team pursuit and Road TTT both introduced in 1962 Tandem sprint and 1km TT both introduced in 1966 Venues 1958 France Paris East Germany 1959 Netherlands Amsterdam Belgium 1960 East Germany Leipzig 1961 Switzerland Zurich Britain Isle of Man 1962 Italy Milan 1963 Belgium Liege 1964 France Paris 1965 Spain San Sebastian 1966 W Germany Frankfurt 1967 Netherlands Amsterdam 1968 Italy Rome Uruguay Montevideo 1969 Belgium Antwerp Czechoslovakia Brno Total no of championship years 12 The Swedish team consisting of the four Pettersson brothers won the amateur road 100km TTT in 1967 1968 and 1969 In 1968 when the TTT was held in Montevideo Uruguay along with the amateur road race the brothers set a record average speed of 49kph Overall this was an era of dramatic changes and a shift in the balance of power in the UCI s world championships as Eastern Bloc amateur competition gathered momentum World cycling and the UCI world championships in the 1970s It was resolved by the UCI at this time not to hold world title events duplicated in the Olympics in the years of the Games This was the case in both 1972 and 1976 when the events dropped were the world titles for amateur men In these Olympic years therefore only the world titles for women pro men amateur stayers and amateur tandem in 1976 when this event was dropped from the Olympics were contested at UCI world championships Cycling events for women were not introduced into the Olympics until 1984 See Table 6 Table 6 UCI World Champions by Nation 1970 1979 Nation Amateur Titles Pro Titles Total Titles Men Women Tot Australia 3 3 Belgium 2 1 3 9 12 Czechoslovakia 7 7 7 Denmark 3 3 1 4 France 5 3 8 8 Germany East 15 1 16 16 Germany West 11 11 6 17 Great Britain 3 3 Italy 3 3 4 7 Japan 3 3 Netherlands 7 7 14 11 25 Norway 1 1 1 Poland 6 1 7 7 Sweden 2 2 2 Switzerland 3 3 3 USA 3 3 3 USSR 4 15 19 19 Totals 69 31 100 40 140 Events In Olympic years 1972 and 1976 only non Olympic events were contested at UCI world championships Am Men Sprint Pursuit Road Stayers Team pursuit Road TTT Tandem sprint 1km TT Points introduced in 1978 Am Women Sprint Pursuit Road Pro Men Sprint Pursuit Stayers Road Venues 1970 Britain Leicester 1971 Italy Varese Switzerland 1972 France Marseille 1973 Spain San Sebastian 1974 Canada Montreal 1975 Belgium Liege 1976 Italy Monteroni 1977 Venezuela San Cristobal 1978 West Germany Munich 1979 Netherlands Amsterdam Total no of championship years 10 The most notable features of the worlds during the decade of the 1970s were The Netherlands emerging as the most successful nation winning 18 of all titles overall These successes were achieved across all three categories amateur men 7 women 7 and pro men 11 Hennie Kuiper won the pro road title in 1975 followed by Gerrie Kneteman in 1978 and Jan Raas in 1979 Keetie van Oosten Hage won the women s pursuit title in 1975 1976 1978 and 1979 as well as the women s road race in 1976 Italy after having dominated the world titles in the previous period with 21 of the total slumping to 7 titles 5 Felice Gimondi won the pro road title in 1973 and Francesco Moser the pro pursuit in 1976 Combined Eastern Bloc Soviet Union Czechoslovakia East Germany Poland dominance of the amateur world titles for both men and women taking 48 of all of these The intense rivalry between East and West Germany in the world title stakes at this time with both vying for top honours particularly in the men s amateur events Polish riders winning the amateur men s road title twice in succession Ryzard Szurkowski in 1973 and Janusz Kowalski in 1974 The dominance of the women s events by the Soviet Union 15 out of 31 titles but also the emergence of USA women who won three titles All three titles won by Great Britain being taken by Hugh Porter in the pro pursuit 1970 1972 and 1973 Australia winning three pro sprint titles one by Gordie Johnson in 1970 and two by John Nicholson 1975 1976 Daniel Morelon France winning four amateur sprint titles 1970 1971 1973 and 1975 after having already won in 1966 1967 and 1969 Japan winning its first world titles with Koichi Nakano taking the pro sprint crown in 1977 1978 and 1979 He went on to win a record total of 10 world pro sprint titles in succession his last victory being in 1986 The final countdown amateur and pro world titles 1980 1992 On the world stage towards the end of the decade of the 1980s and spilling over into the 1990s there was a domino like collapse of state socialist systems in the countries comprising the Eastern Bloc Under this revolutionary wave the powerful lobby for retaining the distinction between amateur and professional in sporting codes at the Olympics and elsewhere disappeared In cycle sport this finally occurred in the early 1990s

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/extras/chasing-rainbows-waters-extras.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Colonial Path racing
    over scratch The handicapper s aim was to enable the strongest scratch rider to win the race by overhauling the weaker riders ahead This stronger versus weaker riders system with upset results always a possibility made for exciting crowd pleasing racing Record times for the various established distances were officially noted as benchmarks For the shorter standard distances official individual time trial attempts were regularly made on both standing and flying start record times by riders currently in form As a whole the tradition of British and colonial track racing formed a complex subculture with its own argot aesthetics status symbols hierarchies mythologies and fashions Gear ratios single fixed were uniquely discussed in terms of inches ranging from the low 80s through the 90s to 100 inches which ultimately related hypothetically to the large front wheel diameter of the obsolete Ordinary Track racing machines and equipment were ranked in terms of their perceived quality and finish as well as functionality with various designs and brands being fashionable in different periods Riders were differentiated and ranked in terms of their talents and achievements Valuable often historic trophies formed the major racing prizes Outstanding riders and performances became legendary and were enshrined in the mythology of the sport Top riders were the style leaders who established new fashions in racing machines equipment and apparel Secrecy and a code of silence generally surrounded training regimes racing skills and race tactics This was a body of craft knowledge selectively transmitted to successive generations of riders by wily coaches and older riders experienced in the folkways and also the darker arts of the sport International influences and contacts within the path tradition Track racing requires specialised equipment and for much of the 20th century Britain was a major producer of lightweight machines and equipment suitable for track racing While limited numbers of lightweight racing frames were built locally Malvern Star and Speedwell in Australia CCM in Canada Clarks and Comet in New Zealand and DHC in South Africa Britain was the major source for these in the colonies Most frames which found their way there were from the larger lightweight builders like Carlton Claud Butler Dayton Hobbs of Barbican Saxon Selbach Sun and Viking The equipment was also almost exclusively sourced from Britain Airlite hubs Brooks saddles Williams BSA and Chater Lea cranks and chainwheels Reynolds chains Dunlop tubulars GB handlebars and stems Conloy rims and Constrictor tubulars In addition the inch pitch block chain was long favoured by British and colonial trackmen Small local specialist retail cycle shops often operated by leading local cyclists both in Britain and scattered across the empire were the primary distributors Complex informal supply chains and networks connected these and underpinned the sport The riders officials administrators and spectators involved were also geographically mobile Amongst the many who emigrated from Britain were cycling enthusiasts who readily adapted to the sport as pursued in their new colonial environments Initially the Olympic Games were one of the few regular occasions on

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/extras/colonial-path-waters-extras.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Drillium - drilling on racing bicycles
    with various drilling machines I remember an interesting article in Cycling by some forward thinking guy that drilling was counter productive as all the holes would cause air turbulance and slow the rider down I think the article concluded that more weight could be saved by having a few less sips of tea before the start We do see it of Engers who went from holes in everything to cutting bits off components e g bottoms of brake caliper slots and smoothing all the name and notches off Campag gear levers theoretically to improve aerodynamics More images of Drillium here if you have images of interesting drilling please send to webmaster for consideration of inclusion Please don t submit images unless you have permission of the owner photographer Stuart Henderson explains and follows with a step by step guide As far as drillium is concerned in a short couple of sentences the brakes were done by eye because of the irregular surfaces The hole pattern is laid out with machinist blueing and then centerpunched dimensions are checked mechanically with dividers or calipers I then take a pin vise and lightly start a hole If the hole needs to be moved I can angle the pin vise to correct the hole location I then use a drill press to drill a through hole If I centrebore it with a ball end cutter I make a small post which the hole in the part goes over this then lines up the cutter with the centerline of the hole As to the holes in the chainring circumference I use some form of fixturing to determine the diameter of the chainring I then move the chainring around the center so many degrees and then drill a hole but because the components are not necessarily machined on all surfaces holes may have to be moved to get it visually correct this is what we call eye sweet The history of drillium as I know it having done pieces this way in the 70s when it first became popular the emphasis was on reducing weight Everyone pretty much did it by eye hand People like Eddie Merckx had a machinist re work his parts so the hole patterns were basically true Filling in holes with paint was not usually done on alloy pieces however when you drilled a steel part such as the front derailleur arm paint was sometimes used to protect the raw steel from rust As the drilling caught on component manufacturers started drilling their parts out which then took it to the next level of accuracy Shortly thereafter manufacturers started to incorporate lighter designs with more alloy parts including titanium a good example of this would be the Campagnolo Super Record groupset In the mid 80s frame manufacturers started to panography their name in various parts such as chainrings handlebar stems etc Colnago was famous for doing this Often times his name and his cloverleaf trademark were filled with paint which when people

    Original URL path: http://www.classiclightweights.co.uk/extras/drillium-extras.html (2016-02-09)
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