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  • ClayMania Glass Clay: Real Glass As A Glass Clay
    heat melts sand to form Obsidian a hard brown to black glass Its lack of crystal structure means that the edges of fractures are extrememely sharp leading to its ancient use as blades and spear points Glass Clay is a clay like material made of fine glass powder and water soluble organic binders As it s fired the binders vapourise releasing very small amounts of non toxic carbon dioxide and water vapour and the glass powder fuses leaving solid glass Real glass not something that just looks like glass Glass Clay is ideal for three dimensional work and frees you from the constraint of working with flat glass Perhaps the most exciting opportunity is to make your own beads without a torch GLASS CLAY ClayMania GlasClay Real Glass As A Clay GlasClay is made by ClayMania in vibrant colours based on glasses from Bullseye and Oruboros It s sold as a box of twelve colours in 12gm pots They re all COE90 read this pop up The colours in the table below are a rough guide The clay powder mixed powders fused glass and re fused glass will not all look the same colour colour colour code Black Opal Bullseye 90 100 Blue Grey Opal Uroboros 90 076 Cinnabar Bullseye 90 309 Cornflower Blue Uroboros 90 408 Deep Cobalt Blue Opal Bullseye 90 147 Deep Plum Bullseye 90 1105 Emerald Green Uroboros 90 700 Grenadine Red Uroboros 90 606 Lemon Grass Opal Uroboros 90 356 Midnight Blue Bullseye 90 1118 Shaded Lawn Opal Bullseye 90 120 Vermillion Uroboros 90 6071 GlasClay is fired in a similar way to Art Clay Silver and PMC put your dry pieces in a kiln and programme the temperature and hold time The firing temperature and time are important glass clay has to fuse not melt There s a difference between fusing and melting during fusing the binders in the clay vapourise and the glass powder particles bond to produce solid glass whereas during melting the glass powder particles liquify and lose their original clay shape Comprehensive instructions are included with the product although as with many materials make time to experiment rather than accept general recommendations as definitive GLASCLAY BASICS THE BOOK The Glass Clay Basics Book GlasClay is a fairly new product Although you can just read the instructions and experiment or take a class there s now a book to help you make a quicker start You can buy GlasClay Basics in the on line shop As it s an American book the author Geneva Perkins used several US made kilns such as the Evenheat Studio Pro the Jen Ken Bonnie Glo and the Jen Ken 11 9 Without trying to compare things that are different broadly the Paragon models that are nearest in size get hotter cost less have comprehensive digital programmers and have an EU sales support and spares centre US made kilns often have live heating elements that are exposed whenever the door or lid is open So to

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/glas.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • A Brief Introduction To Ceramics
    kh0044 ki0044 kt0044 document write kh0045 ki0045 kt0045 document write kh0046 ki0046 kt0046 document write kh0047 ki0047 kt0047 document write kh0048 ki0048 kt0048 document write kh0049 ki0049 kt0049 document write kh0050 ki0050 kt0050 document write kh0051 ki0051 kt0051 document write kh0052 ki0052 kt0052 document write kh0053 ki0053 kt0053 document write kh0054 ki0054 kt0054 document write kh0055 ki0055 kt0055 document write kh0056 ki0056 kt0056 document write kh0059 ki0059 kt0059 document write kh0060 ki0060 kt0060 document write kh0061 ki0061 kt0061 document write kh0062 ki0062 kt0062 document write kh0063 ki0063 kt0063 document write kh0064 ki0064 kt0064 document write kh0065 ki0065 kt0065 document write kh0066 ki0066 kt0066 document write kh0067 ki0067 kt0067 document write kh0068 ki0068 kt0068 document write kh0069 ki0069 kt0069 document write kh0070 ki0070 kt0070 document write kh0071 ki0071 kt0071 document write kh0072 ki0072 kt0072 document write kh0073 ki0073 kt0073 document write kh0074 ki0074 kt0074 document write kh0075 ki0075 kt0075 document write kh0076 ki0076 kt0076 document write kh0078 ki0078 kt0078 document write kh0079 ki0079 kt0079 document write kh0080 ki0080 kt0080 document write kh0081 ki0081 kt0081 document write kh0082 ki0082 kt0082 document write kh0084 ki0084 kt0084 document write kh0086 ki0086 kt0086 document write kh0087 ki0087 kt0087 document write kh0088 ki0088 kt0088 document write kh0089 ki0089 kt0089 document write kh0090 ki0090 kt0090 document write kh0091 ki0091 kt0091 document write kh0092 ki0092 kt0092 document write kh0093 ki0093 kt0093 document write kh0094 ki0094 kt0094 document write kh0095 ki0095 kt0095 document write kh0096 ki0096 kt0096 document write kh0097 ki0097 kt0097 document write kh0098 ki0098 kt0098 document write kh0099 ki0099 kt0099 document write kh0100 ki0100 kt0100 document write kh0101 ki0101 kt0101 document write kh0102 ki0102 kt0102 document write kh0103 ki0103 kt0103 document write kh0104 ki0104 kt0104 document write kh0105 ki0105 kt0105 document write kh0106 ki0106 kt0106 document write kh0107 ki0107 kt0107 document write kh0108 ki0108 kt0108 document write kh0109 ki0109 kt0109 document write kh0110 ki0110 kt0110 document write kh0111 ki0111 kt0111 document write kh0113 ki0113 kt0113 document write kh0115 ki0115 kt0115 document write kh0116 ki0116 kt0116 document write kh0117 ki0117 kt0117 document write kh0118 ki0118 kt0118 document write kh0119 ki0119 kt0119 document write kh0120 ki0120 kt0120 document write kh0121 ki0121 kt0121 document write kh0122 ki0122 kt0122 document write kh0123 ki0123 kt0123 document write kh0124 ki0124 kt0124 document write kh0125 ki0125 kt0125 document write kh0126 ki0126 kt0126 document write kh0127 ki0127 kt0127 document write kh0128 ki0128 kt0128 document write kh0129 ki0129 kt0129 document write kh0130 ki0130 kt0130 document write kh0131 ki0131 kt0131 document write kh0132 ki0132 kt0132 document write kh0133 ki0133 kt0133 document write kh0134 ki0134 kt0134 document write kh0135 ki0135 kt0135 document write kh0136 ki0136 kt0136 document write kh0137 ki0137 kt0137 document write kh0138 ki0138 kt0138 document write kh0139 ki0139 kt0139 document write kh0140 ki0140 kt0140 document write kh0141 ki0141 kt0141 document write kh0142 ki0142 kt0142 document write kh0143 ki0143 kt0143 A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO CLAYS What Is Clay Clays are formed naturally over millions of years as rocks break up into minute particles They consist of hydrous aluminium silicates and other compounds such as feldspar iron oxides

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/cerx.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • A Brief Introduction To Glass
    kh0102 ki0102 kt0102 document write kh0103 ki0103 kt0103 document write kh0104 ki0104 kt0104 document write kh0105 ki0105 kt0105 document write kh0106 ki0106 kt0106 document write kh0107 ki0107 kt0107 document write kh0108 ki0108 kt0108 document write kh0109 ki0109 kt0109 document write kh0110 ki0110 kt0110 document write kh0111 ki0111 kt0111 document write kh0113 ki0113 kt0113 document write kh0115 ki0115 kt0115 document write kh0116 ki0116 kt0116 document write kh0117 ki0117 kt0117 document write kh0118 ki0118 kt0118 document write kh0119 ki0119 kt0119 document write kh0120 ki0120 kt0120 document write kh0121 ki0121 kt0121 document write kh0122 ki0122 kt0122 document write kh0123 ki0123 kt0123 document write kh0124 ki0124 kt0124 document write kh0125 ki0125 kt0125 document write kh0126 ki0126 kt0126 document write kh0127 ki0127 kt0127 document write kh0128 ki0128 kt0128 document write kh0129 ki0129 kt0129 document write kh0130 ki0130 kt0130 document write kh0131 ki0131 kt0131 document write kh0132 ki0132 kt0132 document write kh0133 ki0133 kt0133 document write kh0134 ki0134 kt0134 document write kh0135 ki0135 kt0135 document write kh0136 ki0136 kt0136 document write kh0137 ki0137 kt0137 document write kh0138 ki0138 kt0138 document write kh0139 ki0139 kt0139 document write kh0140 ki0140 kt0140 document write kh0141 ki0141 kt0141 document write kh0142 ki0142 kt0142 document write kh0143 ki0143 kt0143 A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GLASS What Is Glass The main component of glass is silicon dioxide often called silica found naturally and plentifully as sand When it melts at around 1700 C it s like syrup on a cold day When it cools it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass To lower the melting point and reduce the cost of melting chemicals are added typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide Other chemicals and different heating and cooling processes produce a range of colours and mechanical properties Chemically glass is defined as an amorphous solid but as it s heated it becomes softer allowing it to be blown cast coated decorated engraved heat treated moulded poured pressed sagged and slumped A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian a hard black to brown glassy type of stone shown in the photo Although it was used decoratively when it fractures it has very sharp edges many times sharper than a steel knife edge so was also used for tools and weapons and the pitiful ritual of circumcision ANNEALING Annealing During annealing fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix Successful annealing is the key to creating glasswork that will remain attractive and durable It s quite a long process so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential DICHROIC GLASS Dichroic Glass Dichroic glass has two different colours a transmitted colour and a reflective colour both of which change depending on the angle of view For example blue red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection During manufacture quartz and metal oxides are vapourised onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/glss.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • JMI Accent Gold For Silver: AGS Pure Gold Paint For Silver Jewellery
    we ve used gold to make ceremonial symbols coins containers decorations jewellery medals statues and trophies It generally represents prestige purity royalty value and wealth Pure gold is a dense shiny soft metal It has a bright yellow colour and a rich lustre traditionally considered attractive especially as it doesn t oxidize or corrode in air or water It s more ductile and malleable than other metals one gramme of gold can be beaten into a sheet over a metre square eventually becoming translucent It s been estimated that all the gold ever refined would fill a 20 metre cube but so much more might be lost buried entombed or kept privately Accent Gold For Silver is pure 24 carat gold and has a rich deep colour whereas Aida Art Clay gold clay paste and Mitsubishi Aura 22 are both 22 carat alloys 91 7 gold and 8 3 silver For most effects AGS is easier to use and less wasteful than gold leaf especially on contoured surfaces where gold leaf would probably tear And it s thicker than an electro plated layer ACCENT GOLD FOR SILVER Jewellery Material Innovations Accent Gold For Silver Accent Gold For Silver comes as two separate parts a screw top pot containing one gramme of pure gold powder and a dropper bottle of non toxic water based medium The two need to be mixed together to make a creamy paint It s usually applied with a fine sable brush to add decoration highlights and texture to fired pieces made from Aida Art Clay or Mitsubishi PMC silver clay When it s dry the finished piece is fired again and the gold powder sinters and bonds to the silver After cooling the gold can be burnished or given a matte textured or lustre finish Accent

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/acce.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Image Transfer Solution: Transfer Images To Metal And Silver Jewellery
    Image Transfer Solution Print your own image using a laser toner printer not an inkjet Trim it to size and you re ready to apply it to fired pieces made from Aida Art Clay or Mitsubishi PMC silver clay Matte the surface evenly with some fine wet and dry or other mild abrasive Apply the ITS with a small brush press the image onto the surface remove any excess solution and dry it After drying heat the piece at 160 C for 30 minutes After cooling soak the piece in water for 10 minutes remove the paper and clean up the edges Image Transfer has been developed by Sherri Haab in the US Comprehensive instructions are included with the product although as with many materials make time to experiment rather than accept general recommendations as definitive VIDEO INTRODUCING IMAGE TRANSFER BY SHERRI HAAB Image Transfer Cherry Heaven TV provides on line radio and television programmes using the Cherry Heaven Player To play pause or stop the player or adjust the volume click the controls or whilst it s playing drag the time line slider to a new position 00 00 00 00 AUDIO QUALITY Cherry Heaven USB Speakers If you

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/itsx.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Metal Clay Veneer: Flexible Texture Sheets From Art Clay Or PMC
    sheet The sheet can be cut to shape applied to dried clay pieces or wrapped around other materials and then fired Metal Clay Veneer is something you make yourself mixing Art Clay or PMC with the special Metal Clay Veneer solution to make a thick cream The cream is applied to a texture sheet or other textured surface When it s dry it s peeled off as a flexible sheet

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/mcvx.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • ACS SilverEtch: Etch A Pattern Onto Art Clay, PMC, And Metal Clays.
    firing on a transfer SilverEtch comes with five sheets of designs and full instructions You need a kiln SILVER ETCH PHOTOS Silver Etch To look at the pop up photos hold your mouse over the zoom buttons below you don t need to click SilverEtch On An Art Clay Necklace By Larissa Johnson SilverEtch On Polymer Clay Earings By Larissa Johnson SILVER ETCH NOTES Silver Etch SilverEtch is a pattern

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/setc.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Electric Kilns: Accessories, Cutters, Pliers, Tools, and Tumblers
    and cloths don t last for ever and will eventually begin to break up So it s a good idea to have spares especially if your business depends on your kiln or you re running courses CERAMIC PAPER Bullseye Kiln Paper Kiln paper often called shelf paper consists of compressed ceramic fibres held together with a binder It looks like normal thick paper and can be cut to size easily with scissors Kitiki Ceramic Paper Bullseye Thinfire shelf paper the most popular shelf paper has been designed for smooth separation between the kiln shelf and glass up to about 870 C One side feels slightly smoother than the other that s the glass side If the paper has Bullseye logos on it that s the shelf side Generally you can t re use it after firing ThinFire is light and thin so not expensive and easy to store It comes as single sheets each one 520mm x 520mm square or as a pack of four or ten Although it s described as a low odour paper ventilate the room during firing as the burning binder may smell and release a little smoke Being thin it may curl at the edges as the glass changes shape If this happens put tiny bits of glass on the corners or cut it nearly to size more carefully If you work with any fibrous material don t get the fibres on your hands or breathe them in ideally you should put on kiln gloves wear a HEPA dust mask use protective glasses and wash your hands afterwards If you do demonstrations or teach at a course venue especially working within today s risk assessment culture it s vital that students are aware of the possible dangers and you provide protective equipment Gloves masks and glasses are on the safety page Although kiln paper is much simpler cleaner and quicker to use than kiln wash it does cost more And it won t protect the shelf against ceramic glazes KILN SHELVES Kiln Shelves Kiln furniture is the generic name for the supports that go inside your kiln typically hard and soft shelves shelf posts ceramic blocks and ceramic fibre cloths They protect the floor of the firing chamber support your work ensure even heating and allow you to stack up layers of work to be fired at the same time Never fire anything on the exposed floor of the kiln If moulten metal glass or enamel sticks to the ceramic fibre or firebrick it will be very difficult to remove without causing damage Shelves and shelf paper prevent this happening Kiln Furniture It s very important to understand what the recommended shelf kit consists of why you might need a different one and why you might need more than one The Mini Kiln has a light ceramic fibre shelf for metal clays such as Art Clay and PMC Unless you melt the silver your work won t stick Nearly every other kiln has a recommended furniture kit included in the price consisting of the appropriate cordierite shelves and posts Cordierite is a magnesium aluminium silicate that resists thermal distortion and fracture A thick heavy shelf lifted up on small posts heats and cools evenly particularly important for glass work Cordierite is brittle if you drop the shelf it ll break It s a good idea to have spare shelves especially if your business depends on your kiln or you re running courses You can buy extra shelf kits in the on line shop Depending on the sizes of your pieces and the number of pieces you want to fire three shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time so you may want more than one furniture kit Remember that glass needs radiant heat and will fuse sag or slump better on one shelf than between stacked shelves For dichroics enamelling and glass fusing put kiln paper on the shelf to stop the glass sticking it s simpler and cleaner to use than glass separator Bullseye Thinfire shelf paper probably the most popular kiln paper ensures easy separation between your glass and the kiln shelf One side feels slightly smoother than the other that s the glass side You can buy shelf paper in the on line shop Most furniture kits include 25mm x 25mm x 12mm posts They can be used flat to lift the shelf 12mm or on their edges to lift the shelf 25mm Other heights are available 50mm 75mm 100mm and 150mm If you take out a hot shelf you ll need to put it somewhere safe on a tray of vermiculite a ceramic fibre block or some other heat resistant surface A kitchen tile is not thick enough the heat will go through and might burn the work surface GLASS SEPARATOR Glass Separator If a glaze or hot glass sticks to the kiln shelf it s very difficult to remove without pulling away part of the shelf surface To protect the shelf and make separation easy you need to brush on a coat of glass separator Glass separator often called kiln wash consists of finely ground minerals that don t fuse at normal firing temperatures It prevents glass and glazes sticking to the shelf It s mixed with water and painted on using a soft bristle haik brush Usually several thin coats are applied in different directions A few tips don t use glass separator on ceramic fibre don t get the powder on your hands or breathe it in stir the mixture every time you dip the brush in and store it in a glass jar You need to dry the shelf before firing or the water will turn to steam and the sudden pressure increase may crack or shatter the shelf It s unlikely but it could explode so wear safety glasses when you open your kiln You can let it dry naturally in a warm place overnight put it on a central heating radiator or stand it on kiln posts and heat it with the kiln vent open at 150 C for 30 minutes Generally glass separator will last for several firings the lower the temperature the longer it lasts However most users re coat before firing Before applying another layer smooth the shelf surface with some wet dry paper For most small pieces kiln paper is much easier to use PYROMETER A Digital Pyrometer The Electric Kilns Digital Pyrometer displays the kiln temperature accurately up to 1095 C It measures 70mm x 108mm x 25mm weighs 155gms and has a 1 5m plug in wire ending in a K Type thermocouple Digital Pyrometer The FireFly S manual comes with this digital pyrometer making it easy to experiment with copper enameling control the cooling rate of difficult glazes or monitor glass fusing and moulding The Caldera S manual comes with an analogue panel meter so a digital pyrometer would be a useful accessory In fact if you want to experiment with any kiln you might find a pyrometer helpful The liquid crystal display is easy to read even in daylight The 9V battery should last for 150 200 hours of continuous use There s a low battery indicator STAINLESS STEEL CONTAINERS Kitiki Stainless Steel Pans During normal exposed firing the surface of the clay oxidises to form metal oxide To minimize this the clay is embedded in activated charcoal granules in a stainless steel container and covered with a lid Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural bronze colour and charcoal made from coal produces a colourful range of patinas The container for the Paragon SC 2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm and holds one litre of charcoal The container for the Paragon E 12A measures 162mm x 265mm x 152mm and holds three litres of charcoal Kitiki Stainless Steel Containers A container of hot charcoal takes a long time to cool off so a second container with fresh charcoal allows you to prepare your next batch of work If you want to use both types of charcoal two containers make cleaning and storing easier especially as both types of charcoal look similar CHARCOAL Kitiki Activated Carbon There are two popular types of charcoal coal and coconut They re both granular activated carbons charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural bronze colour and charcoal made from coal produces a colourful range of patinas Kitiki Activated Carbon If you want to use both types of charcoal two containers make cleaning and storing easier especially as both types of charcoal look similar VERMICULITE Vermiculite Vermiculite is used to support delicate work in your kiln or spread in a tray to act as a soft heat resistant surface when you take things out of the kiln It ll last a long time although it will eventually break up Vermiculite The vermiculite in the photo is expanded hydrated phlogopite mica the particles are very light non toxic and won t fuse until at least 1200 C about 2200 F If you use a tray of vermiculite keep it covered when it s not in use to prevent stray materials mixing and getting stuck to your work Also vermiculite particles are very light and can jump onto your clothes if your movement generates static electricity or blow everywhere if there s a window open It s not easy to find vermiculite in the high street If you do it might have plant food or polystyrene particles mixed in so be careful The Kitiki vermiculite comes in a white plastic screw top pot for convenience and safety not a plastic bag and not a pot that can t be closed properly once the seal has been broken Although it s filled to the brim during packing particles settle and it may not look quite full when you open it It s plainly much easier to fill a pot with a fixed volume than to measure out a fixed weight every time DIGITAL TIMER Cherry Heaven Digital Alarm Timer Although most kilns come with programmers it s still very easy to walk off and forget about the firing and its end time A digital kiln timer is something you take with you to remind you that time s up It s particularly useful when using the Kitiki Mini Kiln or any similar kiln which doesn t turn itself off Digital Timer The Kitiki Digital Timer counts up to 99 minutes 59 seconds It s easy to use just set the minutes and seconds and start the timer After the elapsed interval the timer beeps for 30 seconds although it can be turned off at any time It has an easy to read four digit liquid crystal display The slim silver and black case measures 86mm x 47mm x 16mm and has a no scratch magnet on the back so it can be attached to a fridge or other equipment It comes with a small battery which should last for several years To maximise the battery life the timer turns off after the alarm has sounded although it will remember the setting for next time If you want to service or repair your own kiln you ll need a few electrical tools such as a mains tester screwdriver a multimeter and a soldering iron They re all very useful at home or at work for checking and mending equipment However don t forget that mains electrical work is potentially dangerous AUDIO QUALITY The Cherry Heaven USB Stereo Loudspeakers If you re using a notebook computer the audio quality will probably be poor and not loud enough To remedy this you need some external loudspeakers The Cherry Heaven USB Loudspeakers The Cherry Heaven USB Stereo Loudspeakers don t need batteries installing or setting up they re powered by the computer s USB socket and driven by the stereo out socket You can buy them in the on line shop However the photo is of a typical pair of speakers and the ones in stock might not look exactly the same External loudspeakers will improve your enjoyment of the BBC iPlayer DVD movies games MP3 tracks CD music net phone applications on line movies video camera movies iPlayer programmes and youtube MAINS TESTER SCREWDRIVER Kitiki Mains Tester Screwdriver Mains voltage is AC The mains tester screwdriver detects the mains and allows you to follow it though the cable the fuse the transformer the relay and the elements Kitiki Mains Tester Screwdriver The mains tester screwdriver contains a current limiting resistor and a small neon bulb When the screwdriver tip touches AC mains and you touch the screwdriver s end cap a tiny current earths through your body and the bulb lights It s rated for 220V 250V has a 60mm blade and a pocket clip It s also just right for wiring plugs fitting sockets connecting lights and wiring dimmers The blade is particularly hard and durable MULTIMETER Kitiki Digital Multimeter A multimeter lets you test electrical equipment Using the two leads you can typically measure continuity DC voltage AC voltage DC current AC current and resistance Most multimeters are broadly the same You usually set the range using a central dial The most important thing is not to let the leads touch anything other than the contact points you re testing Kitiki MultiMeter The Kitiki MultiMeter is ideal for checking and repairing your kiln You can check the mains voltage the plug fuse the kiln fuse the transfomer the relay and the elements A multimeter is a useful tool You can test batteries bulbs cables christmas lights doorbells fuses power adapters relays switches and wires as well check most domestic electrical equipment Some multimeters can check diodes and transistors measure temperature measure frequency and hold the displayed result after you ve taken the leads off The photo is of a typical multimeter The ones in stock may not be quite the same SOLDERING IRON Kitiki Soldering Iron Soldering is a convenient way of joining metals The Kitiki soldering iron is rated at 230V 60W and can also be used for general electrical and electronic work It comes with enough solder to get you started Howeverr it might not be the colour shown Kitiki Soldering Iron The Kitiki Soldering Iron is a multi purpose soldering iron Having experimented there s a wide choice of soldering irons and solders depending on what you want to do Cutters and pliers are some of the most useful tools when you make jewellery work with electronic parts build dolls furniture or enjoy model engineering These Kitiki cutters and pliers successfully combine materials size precision alignment hardness sharpness and ergonomics They re about 120mm long easy to use comfortable to hold and beautifully made You ll enjoy using good tools rather than continually improvising They ll help you manage a creative and efficient work environment And they ll last a long time CUTTERS AND PLIERS Kitiki Pliers And Cutters The pliers and cutters shown in the photo above are the six most popular Although in theory the pliers partly share their uses in practice one is just easier to use for one task and one for another Kitiki cutters are used to cut wire strips chains and clasp links The cutting edges are hardened and align perfectly and the cut is slightly oblique or vee shaped Kitiki flush cutters are used to cut wire strips chains and clasp links The cutting edges are hardened and align perfectly and the cut is nearly straight Kitiki flat nose pliers have tapered rectanglular jaws and are used to position and adjust jewellery findings squeeze and close links straighten wire bend wire and strips at angles and shape paper type metal clays Kitiki pointed nose pliers have tapered semi circular jaws and are used to shape jewellery findings re shape links and bend wire and strips into curves circles and ovals Kitiki bent nose pliers sometimes called pointed nose have tapered semi circular jaws and are used to shape jewellery findings re shape links and bend wire and strips into curves circles and ovals Kitiki round nose pliers have tapered circular jaws and are used to position and adjust jewellery findings squeeze and close links bend wire and strips at angles and shape paper type metal clays To look at the pop up photos hold your mouse over the zoom buttons below you don t need to click Kitiki Cutters Kitiki Flush Cutters Kitiki Flat Nose Pliers Kitiki Pointed Nose Pliers Kitiki Bent Nose Pliers Kitiki Round Nose Pliers Before dismissing the word ergonomic remember that the palm of your hand has around 1700 nerve endings and every time you hold a hand tool 42 muscles are put to work The continual strain of using an awkward tool makes delicate work less accurate and more difficult and can lead to strain injury or numbness Designing and making precision hand tools that work smoothly and accurately and feel comfortable is a complicated expensive precision process So here are some general comments Very few shops sell high quality pliers and cutters for delicate work most pliers and cutters are designed to undo rusted nuts and cut fence wire Economy pliers and cutters usually use regular mild steel inadequately hardened and laquered to hide the poor finish The laquer will soon wear away and the metal will rust or stain They re often rebranded repackaged and repriced with different coloured handles so it s hard to know what you re getting Economy special offer boxed sets appear to be good value However once opened and used the poor quality will soon become apparent Buying like this is unpredictable and replacing one of the set or buying a different shape is usually impossible as the brand will have disappeared Poorly machined aligned and hardened cutting edges will cut at an angle or unevenly and will soon go blunt or get notched Poorly machined and aligned jaws will make it diificult to hold small shapes reliably

    Original URL path: http://www.electrickilns.co.uk/accs.htm (2016-04-27)
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