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  • What is a Defibrillator | Fire and Safety Centre
    Products Winter Safety Products Water Mist Information About Us Advice Blog Service Maintenance FAQ Contact Us Login Register 0 Item s 0 00 ex VAT 0 00 inc VAT Tweet Document Holders Fireproof Filing Cabinets Fire Resistant Cabinets Fireproof Data Safes Security Cash Safes What is a Defibrillator Automated External Defibrillators AEDs Seven out of ten of the 30 000 people who suffer a cardiac arrest in the UK every year are saved through the use of defibrillation to restore their heart s natural rhythm Cardiac arrest is the medical term used to describe what happens when the heart stops pumping blood around the body It is a life threatening condition and its most common cause is known as ventricular fibrillation during which the heart quivers or fibrillates The most effective way to restore the correct rhythm is with an Automated External Defibrillator or AED What is a defibrillator It s a battery powered device proven to increase survival rates in patients suffering a cardiac arrest Automatic and semi automatic defibrillators deliver a controlled electric shock to the heart through pads applied to the skin They are becoming increasingly common not only in the workplace where it s recommended that no one should be further than two minutes from one but also in schools colleges clubs and village halls Batteries are normally supplied with the device and if the machine is not used the battery life can be up to five years The machines run a self check routine every day and show warning lights if they require attention Automatic defibrillators deliver the shock when they detect it s necessary semi automatic ones tell someone else to deliver the shock Defibrillator training Using a defibrillator is not restricted to people with medical training First Aiders can do it as can

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/Fire-Extinguisher-Advice/36/What_is_a_Defibrillator.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Defibrillator Facts | Fire and Safety Centre
    defibrillator Defibrillator training Hands only CPR Cardiac arrest or heart attack When to use a defibrillator They re not the same thing A cardiac arrest happens when the heart loses its natural rhythm and therefore its ability to pump blood around the body Instead of beating normally it just quivers or fibrillates What s happening is called ventricular fibrillation and is a life threatening condition requiring fast and decisive action A person suffering cardiac arrest will be unconscious and will have stopped breathing normally A heart attack sufferer will be conscious and breathing unless the attack leads to cardiac arrest What is defibrillation Defibrillation is the name given to the process of switching the heart from quivering or fibrillating to its normal rhythm using a controlled electric shock What is a defibrillator A medical device used to deliver the required electric shock to restore a normal heart rhythm in a cardiac arrest sufferer They are also called AEDs which stands for Automated External Defibrillator and are increasingly common in business premises schools colleges and other public buildings Two types are available Automatic defibrillators will check the heart rhythm and deliver the electric shock themselves and semi automatic defibrillators will check the rhythm and instruct someone else to deliver the shock at the right moment How does a defibrillator work Defibrillators look for and deliver or instruct someone else to deliver an electric shock to the heart through the sufferer s chest wall They are battery powered and portable The battery life if the machine is not used can be up to five years The device will check itself on a daily basis and use flashing lights or a noise to show it s not ready to use in an emergency What to do in an emergency Call 999 immediately to summon an ambulance However the person suffering cardiac arrest hasn t got time to wait for the ambulance Every minute without defibrillation or CPR see below reduces their chance of survival by 10 The operator will also be able to tell you if there s a portable defibrillator nearby Go to get it only if someone else is doing CPR It s clearly important to tell the local ambulance trust if you ve installed one so their records can be kept up to date How to use a defibrillator The box containing the equipment includes diagrams and instructions showing the user where to put it on the patient and how to administer the shock and when to use a defibrillator Taking a course on using a defibrillator is helpful but not essential You could still save someone s life Defibrillator training Models from all manufacturers look different from each other but they work in a similar manner so a Zoll defibrillator will have exactly the same function as one from Heartstart or Lifepak The box containing the defibrillator will contain all the necessary instructions but a huge boost to confidence is given by attending a course first That way the

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/Fire-Extinguisher-Advice/37/Defibrillator_Facts.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Information and Training for Employees
    or increased risks Initial training should be given as part of any induction course for new employees If this is not within a short time of joining the company new employees should be given basic instruction concerning escape routes fire procedures fire alarm signals etc on the day they begin work in the building At the very least they should initially be given a tour of all escape routes that do not form part of the normal access routes If employees do not attend a formal induction course they should be given instruction on fire matters as soon as possible after joining the company Instruction should be based on written material which is given to the employee but should also comprise verbal instruction It is also possible to provide computer based learning packages particularly in large organisations which can incorporate tests to evaluate learning outcomes Fire safety leaflets are not sufficient as the instructions should include specific safeguards the occupied building Fire and Safety Centre provide a quality selection of professionally produced CD and DVD based Staff Training modules covering Fire Prevention and Health and Safety issues Click here to view library Training Schedule The Fire Safety Order requires any training programme to address The precautions necessary for the protection of the employee and other relevant persons Be updated to encompass any new or changed risk Be provided in a manner appropriate to the risk identified by the risk assessment Training must take place during working hours Training must also be repeated periodically where appropriate refresher training is good practice as history shows that employees often do not remember fire procedures and fire precautions years are induction As a guide fire safety training can include How to summon the fire brigade How to warn others of the fire including the operation of the fire warning apparatus The location and use of escape routes The evacuation precedures in the event of fire The procedure for assisting visitors or members of the public from the workplace The location of the fire assembly point The location of all fire equipment How to use the fire equipment provided if the employee has agreed to be a designated fire warden The responsible person should note that it is not sufficient merely to give a short token outline of the fire safety and evacuation procedures Article 19 of the Order requires that the responsible person provide employees with comprehensible and relevant information on risks and necessary general fire precautions identified by the fire risk assessment It should also be made clear which employees are nominated to assist with evacuation and those trained to use fire fighting equipment such as fire extinguishers and escape ladders If dangerous substances such as flammable or explosive materials or oxidizing agents are present in the workplace employees must be informed of the names of these substances their risks any related legislative requirements and any relevant findings and recommendations identified in the fire risk assessment Employees must also be given access to

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/bulletin.php?id=10 (2016-02-17)
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  • Means of Escape
    possible to a place of safety In the event of danger it must be possible for persons to evacuate the premises as quickly and safety as possible The number and dimensions of emergency routes and exits must be adequate for safe egress of all persons in the building as quickly as possible Sliding or revolving doors must be not be used for exits specifically designated as emergency exits Emergency doors must not be so locked or fastened in a way that prevents them being easily and immediately opened by any person who may require to use them in emergency for example a padlock A number of points should be noted in respect of these requirements Firstly and most importantly the requirements are not absolute they need to be implemented where necessary The necessity is determined by a fire risk assessment Thus for example it is not the case that all fire exits in all premises need to open in the direction of escape While this might be essential for doors used by the public in a theatre in many workplaces it might only be necessary if the door is likely to be used by more than around 60 people Similarly a sliding door may be acceptable on an escape route that will only ever be used by a few trained employees In addition it is advisable to clearly mark designated escape routes and escape exits with appropriate signs Signs are available to cover every type of escape route For more details visit the Signs product category on www fireandsafetycentre co uk Definition of Relevant Persons The Regulatory reform Fire Safety order 2005 and equivalent legislation in Scotland differs from the now repealed fire precautions workplace Regulations in that whereas the latter regulations were intended to ensure the safety of employees from fire the new legislation is designed to protect both employees and relevant persons who are not employees An explanation of who constitutes a relevant person is given below So who are relevant persons The Legislation provides a definition Relevant persons are a Any person including the responsible person who is or may be lawfully on the premises and b Any person in the immediate vicinity of the premises who is at risk from a fire on the premises Relevant persons do not however include fire fighters dealing with a fire or other emergency service personnel It should also be noted that only those lawfully on the premises are protected by the legislation Also anyone outside the premises must be in the immediate vicinity to come within the scope of the legislation The requirements for it to be possible to escape as quickly and as safely as possible is arguably the key requirement If there is some deficiency in the means of escape it can hardly be argued that there has been compliance with this requirement However the fire safety order has not changed the principles of fire safety Traditionally the two key factors in the provision of means of

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/bulletin.php?id=7 (2016-02-17)
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  • Fire Detection & Alarms
    a requirement that where necessary the premises must to the extent that it is appropriate be equipped with appropriate fire detectors and alarms The extent to which it is appropriate is presumably determined from a fire risk assessment of the premises The use of the term fire detectors which was also used within the now revoked fire precautions workplace regulations 1997 is potentially misleading In effect since the principles of fire safety were not changed by the introduction of the new legislation nothing has basically changed in terms of regulatory requirements for fire warning systems in buildings In a small single storey building means of giving warning might comprise manually operated mechanical devices such as a turn handle rotary gong or electronic battery operated smoke alarms If the premises were small enough e g a single unit small shop it might even be sufficient for persons just to shout fire In any other building an electrically operated fire alarm installation is likely to be required to ensure the fire warning is broadcast throughout the premises If the premises were first certificated under the fire precautions act within the last few years the certificate will be a useful basis to determine requirements in respect of fire warning systems The corollary is that if the premises were certificated many years ago the measures shown in the fire certificate may not now be adequate An example would be hotels with no automatic fire detection system whatsoever yet still certificated in the early days of the fire precautions act The absence of automatic fire detection would not now be regarded as acceptable for compliance with the safety order Similarly in small workplaces that did not require certification under the act there was no requirement to provide a fire alarm warning In non residential premises it was traditionally held that there would be no general need for automatic fire detection and alarm However when some such premises particularly those of more than one storey are examined in the light of a risk assessment it could well be determined that there is now a need for a fire alarm system Government Guidance on the now revoked fire precautions workplace regulations previously suggested that domestic type smoke alarms could be acceptable as a means of giving warning of fire in small workplaces These smoke alarms are battery operated or wired The new guides under the Fire Safety Order do not refer to domestic smoke alarms other than in the case of for example small HMO S and bed and breakfast establishments Elsewhere caution should be taken in the use of these devices as this would be outside the scope of both BS 5839 1 and BS 5839 6 Accordingly they would be a need for careful justification of the use of smoke alarms within a small workplace in the fire risk assessment In the exceptional cases when this work is acceptable the smoke alarms would need to be mains powered with a standby battery or capacitor in

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/bulletin.php?id=4 (2016-02-17)
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  • Fire Prevention
    prevent as far as reasonably practicable the occurrence of fire Throughout the Regulatory Fire Safety Order 2005 there are references that make this new emphasis quite clear For example the definition of the general fire precautions that must be taken by the responsible person includes measures to reduce the risk of fire on the premises More notably Article 10 requires that the principles of prevention be applied by the responsible person These principles are specified in Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the Fire Safety Order They include avoiding risks combating the risks at source replacing the dangerous by the non dangerous or less dangerous and developing a coherent prevention policy This approach brings fire safety more in line with the application of general health and safety legislation in which the first step is a risk assessment to identify the hazards and only then to adopt suitable control measures to ensure that the hazards are eliminated or avoided As a direct comparison the first step in any fire risk assessment should clearly involve identifying the fire hazards and then adopting suitable control measures to reduce the risk of fire and only then to provide fire fighting equipment that is effective on the types of fire risk identified in the assessment For example a catering business using cooking oils would identify this as a risk and preferably include a wet chemical fire extinguisher and fire blanket intended specifically for this fire risk Although perhaps not explicitly required under legislation good practice should by default give as much attention to preventing fire as to installing measures to deal with an outbreak of fire Even if adequately controlled and posing no threat to life a fire still has the potential to cause serious collateral damage to property and costly interruption to business Fire

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/bulletin.php?id=6 (2016-02-17)
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  • ADR 2007 Vehicle Safety Legislation
    transport by road of dangerous goods will be permitted through their territory This is on the condition that the goods are packed and labelled in accordance with the Agreement are carried in vehicles that comply with the provisions of the agreement and are driven by suitably trained drivers Currently Northern Ireland vehicles involved in the International Transport Of Dangerous Goods are required to be tested under the ADR Agreement and these vehicles can currently apply to be tested by VOSA in GB The following abstract from the agreement details the requirements for fire Protection and Safety equipment To view the whole ADR legislation visit http www unece org trans danger publi adr adr2007 07ContentsE html ANNEX B ADR2007 PROVISIONS CONCERNING TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT AND TRANSPORT OPERATIONS PART 8 Requirements for vehicle crews equipment operation and documentation CHAPTER 8 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING TRANSPORT UNITS AND EQUIPMENT ON BOARD 8 1 4 1 The following provisions apply to transport units carrying dangerous goods other than those referred to in 8 1 4 2 a Every transport unit shall be equipped with at least one portable fire extinguisher for the inflammability classes A B and C with a minimum capacity of 2 kg dry powder or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishant agent suitable for fighting a fire in the engine or cab of the transport unit b Additional equipment is required as follows i for transport units with a maximum permissible mass of more than 7 5 tonnes one or more portable fire extinguishers for the inflammability classes 1 A B and C with a minimum total capacity of 12 kg dry powder or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishing agent of which at least one shall have a minimum capacity of 6 kg ii for transport units with a maximum permissible mass of more than 3 5 tonnes up to and including 7 5 tonnes one or more portable fire extinguishers for the inflammability classes A B and C with a minimum total capacity of 8 kg dry powder or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishing agent of which at least one shall have a minimum capacity of 6 kg iii for transport units with a maximum permissible mass of up to and including 3 5 tonnes one or more portable fire extinguishers for the inflammability classes 1 A B and C with a minimum total capacity of 4 kg dry powder or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishing agent c The capacity of the fire extinguisher s required under a may be deducted from the minimum total capacity of the extinguishers required under b 8 1 4 2 Transport units carrying dangerous goods in accordance with 1 1 3 6 shall be equipped with one portable fire extinguisher for the inflammability classes 1 A B and C with a minimum capacity of 2 kg dry powder or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishing agent 8 1 4 3 The extinguishing

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/bulletin.php?id=9 (2016-02-17)
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  • Fire Fighting - Who is Responsible?
    the apparent contradiction that if occupants of a building are not expected to tackle a fire why is there a requirements to provide the building with fire extinguishers hose reels and other fighting equipment Certainly the equipment is not provided for use by the fire and rescue service as they do not use fire fighting equipment other than their own Government guidance on the issue has always been ambivalent For example guidance in support of the Fire Precautions Act concentrated on the provision of equipment rather than arrangements for its use although it was recommended that staff required training in location and use of fire extinguishers Much of the uncertainty has now been eliminated since within the new fire safety order there is the requirement to where necessary take measures for fire fighting and nominate competent persons to implement those measures ensuring the number of such persons their training and the equipment available to them are adequate taking into account the size of the specific hazards involved in the premises concerned determined by means of a fire risk assessment Although this requirement is imposed where necessary in practice there is an expectation that at least a proportion of staff should be trained in the use of fire extinguishers so they are able to tackle a small fire Government guidance on the fire safety order reinforces this For example the guides advise that fire fighting equipment can reduce the risk of a small fire developing into a large one they advise that the safe use of an appropriate extinguisher to control a fire its early stages can also significantly reduce the risk to other people on the premises by allowing people additional time to assist others who are at risk Employers are advised that all staff should be familiar with the location and basic operating procedures for the equipment provided This is sensible as it is unrealistic to expect all occupants to leave a small fire to grow whilst waiting for attendance of the fire and rescue service Moreover the benefits of fire extinguisher appliances are not necessarily reflected in the published statistic s regarding fires to which the fire and rescue service were summoned Trade surveys have indicated that 75 80 of fires on which extinguishers and or fire blankets were used were not even reported to the fire and rescue service but were extinguished by occupants A number of those reported to the fire and rescue service were also extinguisher before the arrival of the fire and rescue service Nomination of staff to use fire extinguishers should be considered in every fire risk assessment While not all staff need be nominated it is unlikely that other than in the case of very small low risk premises a fire risk assessment will validly conclude that no staff should ever use a fire extinguisher Equally an instruction that anyone discovering a fire should tackle the fire with a fire extinguisher appliance if safe to do so satisfies the legal requirement provided

    Original URL path: http://www.fireandsafetycentre.co.uk/bulletin.php?id=3 (2016-02-17)
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