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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    England Heritage Gateway Images of England PastScape NMR ViewFinder Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Quaker Quaker Quakers Quakerism Society of Friends The name given to a member of the Society of Friends They are a Protestant religious group They have no church officials or set services and are

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=Q (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    reliably dated by this method Ramparts Ramparts The outer line of defence around a castle or fort They may be stone walls or banks of earth Refectory Refectory Refectories The room in a monastery abbey priory or nunnery where meals were eaten See Monastery Reformation Reformation The period in history during the 16th century when the Roman Catholic Church was questioned and the Protestant religion began in many countries In England Henry Vlll formed the Church of England See Protestant Regency Regency The period in English history when the Prince Regent later George IV had to rule as his father King George lll was unwell It lasted from 1811 until 1820 The term Regency also refers to the architectural style of the period 1800 1837 Regency architecture is based on the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome It features columns and buildings covered with white painted stucco See Stucco Renaissance Renaissance A style of classical architecture that began in 15th century Italy at the time of history known as the Renaissance It was based on the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome It came to England at the time of Elizabeth l Inigo Jones was a famous architect who built in this style Replica Replica Replicas An exact copy Reredorter Reredorter Reredorters A reredorter was the name for the communal toilet in mediaeval monasteries It was usually attached to the monks dormitory on the east of the main cloister It was designed so that waste was carried away by a stream river or other water channel This was a far more hygenic system than was used by most other people at this time Revival Revival Revivals A term used in architecture to describe an architectural style that is based on one from an earlier period in history For example Gothic

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=R (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    went there to claim sanctuary or freedom from arrest Sarcophagus Sarcophagus Sarcophagi A coffin made of stone or other long lasting material Scrofula Scrofula Scrofulous A type of tuberculosis which leads to swellings in the neck It was common in children and could be caught from drinking unpasteurised milk It was associated with poor people See Tuberculosis Secular Secular Secular means not concerned with or devoted to religion It can be used to describe non religious buildings or people who worked in a monastery but were not bound by monastic vows the secular or lay brothers Shrine Shrine Shrines A holy or sacred place which is dedicated to a specific deity ancestor hero martyr saint or similar figure of awe and respect People set up or visit shrines to venerate or worship the person Churches often have shrines Siege Siege Sieges Beseige Beseiged A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering it either by direct attack or by waiting for people inside the city or fortress to run out of food or water and then surrender Smock mill Smock mill Smock mills The smock mill consists of a sloping wooden tower usually with six or eight sides It is topped with a roof or cap that rotates to bring the sails into the wind This type of windmill got its name from its resemblance to smocks worn by farmers in an earlier period they are particularly common in Kent Snuff Snuff Snuff is a finely powdered tobacco for sniffing up the nose Taking snuff was very fashionable in Georgian England Staithe staithe staithes A landing stage for loading or unloading cargo boats In the northeast and east of England the term staithe is also used to refer to the loading chutes or

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=S (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    comes from Terracotta Terracotta A building material made from unglazed baked clay used for tiles decoration on buildings garden pots etc It is reddish brown in colour Textile Textile Textiles A general word for different types of woven or knitted cloth or fabric Threshing Threshing Thresh Threshed The process of separating the ears of corn from the husks seed case and stalks Ancient threshing consisted of pounding the grain and then throwing it into the wind which would carry off the light husks and allow the clean grain to fall to a mat Tithe Tithe Tithes A tenth part of a person s goods and produce that was originally paid to the church to support the local vicar and the Poor It was a type of tax Tower mill Tower mill Tower mills A Tower Mill is a type of windmill which consists of a brick or stone tower A roof or cap which can be turned to bring the sails into the wind sits on top of the tower Tracery Tracery Traceried Traceries The thin stone or wooden bars in the top of a Gothic window screen or panel that creates a decorative pattern Transept Transept Transepts In a cross shaped church the part of the church forming the short arms of the cross on either side of the main part of the church or nave The point where the nave and transept cross is called the crossing Tuberculosis Tuberculosis An infectious bacterial disease transmitted through the air that mainly affects the lungs It was often called TB It was treated by sending patients to a hospital in a place with clean air for bedrest often outside See Sanatorium Tudor Tudor Tudors The Tudor period lasted from 1485 until 1603 when all the kings and queens were from the

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=T (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Undercroft Undercroft Undercrofts An undercroft is a cellar or underground room often brick lined and vaulted They are found in houses castles and churches dating from medieval times and generally used for storage The undercroft in a chuch is also known as the

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=U (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    A ditch with banks on either side that ran to the south of Hadrians Wall It ran alongside the Military Road which was nearer to the Wall It was built after the Wall and ran the length of the frontier from the Tyne to the Solway It marked the edge of the military zone and was used to control which people were allowed into the military area Vaulted Vaulted An arched stone roof sometimes copied in timber or plaster There are different kinds including barrel vault fan vault and rib vault Verandah Verandah Verandahs A porch or balcony extending along the outside of a building They usually have a roof and are often often partly enclosed with windows or shutters Vernacular Vernacular Refers to buildings built using local materials in traditional ways They are usually designed without the intervention of professional architects Different regions have different types of buildings depending on the natural resources that were available such as stone or wood Vestry Vestry Vestries A room in a church where the choir and clergy put on their vestments special clothes and where these and other things are stored They are also used for meetings and classes The word is

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=V (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Wattle and Daub Wattle and Daub Daub is a mud and clay mixture used to hold a wall together It is traditionally used with woven sticks known as wattle in medieval buildings Wealden Wealden A type of medieval timber framed house common in Kent and Sussex Main features are a central open hall two storeys on each side of it jetties to the front at either end Weatherboard Weatherboard Weatherboarded Weatherboarding An outside wall covering of overlapping usually horizontal wooden boards Whitesmith Whitesmith Whitesmiths A whitesmith is a person who works with white or light coloured metals such as tin and pewter While blacksmiths work mostly with hot metal whitesmiths do the majority of their work on cold metal although they might use a forge to shape their raw materials Wilberforce Wilberforce William Wilberforce 1759 1833 was a member of parliament and social reformer who played a big part in the abolition of the slave trade and eventually slavery itself in the British Empire Workhouse Workhouse Workhouses A building where poor people were given food and shelter Able bodied people had to work in return Worsted

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=W (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Glossary
    Teaching Activities Interactive Activities Case Studies How To Guides My Favourites Student Gallery Whiteboard Lessons Worksheets Notes Web Links Feedback Contact Us Help Sitemap Glossary HE Archive HE Images Historic England Heritage Gateway Images of England PastScape NMR ViewFinder Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z There are no entries

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/glossary.aspx?letter=X (2016-02-13)
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web-archive-uk.com, 2017-12-11