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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    the 19th century Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Cathedral of St Mary Worcester Worcestershire A view of the former Benedictine priory from the river The Cathedral of St Peter was built around 680 A separate monastery of St Mary probably a double house was created in 743 In 969 Bishop Oswald began the construction of a new cathedral with the monks from both former houses By 977 it had been reformed to the Benedictine order The present cathedral church dates from 1084 The cathedral priory was dissolved in 1540 at the dissolution The monks were replaced by secular canons and Worcester continued as a Reformation Cathedral Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR York Minster York York A view of York Minster from the south Work on the gothic cathedral began in c 1220 under the Archbishop of York Walter de Gray Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Edward A Dillimore Norwich Cathedral Norwich Cathedral and Cloisters begun in 1096 by Herbert de Losinga He bought land to found a Benedictine monastery in 1094 It has seen many later alterations The priory was dissolved in 1539 Some of the monastic building were destroyed but the church became a Reformation cathedral It had a dean six prebendaries and 16 canons most of them were former monks from the priory Add to My Favourites Mr Martin Roberts Source English Heritage NMR York Minster York York York Minster was founded on the site of a Roman fortress in 627 It is also known as the Cathedral Church of St Peter The present building is the fifth building on this site and dates from the 11th century It was started after 1070 on a cruciform plan The church burned down in 1137 Rebuilding was undertaken from 1171 by Bishop Roger The nave and transepts were begun under Archbishop Thomas after 1181 The transepts were completed between 1225 55 The South transept was badly damaged by fire in 1984 and repaired 1984 8 Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Bob Cottrell Durham Cathedral Durham Cathedral church originally the church of a Benedictine Priory The priory was refounded in 1541 after the dissolution as a secular cathedral Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mrs Ann Vint Worcester Cathedral Worcester Cathedral church of Christ and St Mary including important early Norman crypt cloisters and chapter house The Cathedral of St Peter was built around 680 A separate monastery of St Mary probably a double house was created in 743 In 969 Bishop Oswald began the construction of a new cathedral with the monks from both former houses By 977 it had been reformed to the Benedictine order The present cathedral church dates from 1084 The cathedral priory was dissolved in 1540 at the dissolution The monks were replaced by secular canons and Worcester continued as a Reformation Cathedral Add to My Favourites Mr Kieran Morris LRPS Source English Heritage NMR Cathedral Church College Gate Rochester Medway The Cathedral

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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    for Public School or the Royal Navy Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Brockwell Park Streatham Greater London Children playing on a slide outside a high rise block in a post War housing development close to Brockwell Park The neighbouring block is Bedford House Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Flower Festival at Chipping Campden Gloucestershire Spectators watching a group of girls Maypole dancing in front of the May Queen who sits on a throne complete with page boys with St James s Church in the background Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR School at Freeland Oxfordshire A group of schoolchildren and teachers posed outside their school house which was built in 1871 They all appear to be well dresssed in typical late Victorian clothing Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Portrait in the garden Warwickshire A young child sitting on a toy horse cart a the garden It is thought to have been taken in Norton Lindsey or Snitterfield At this time young boys as well as girls wore dresses until they were toilet trained Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Portrait Fawsley Northamptonshire A young boy dressed in a sailor suit stands in front of a sundial in a garden in 1901 Sailor suits were fashionable in the Victorian period as Queen Victoria s own children wore them Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Street in Eydon Northamptonshire A view of a street in the village Abbotts shop can be seen on the left while residents of the village stand on the pavement on the right The smallest boy is holding a hoop and stick toy Add to My Favourites Reproduced by

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    at this carriage works are assembled to have their photograph taken in 1903 Each holds the tools they use in their job At this time craftsmen passed on their skills to boys who were apprenticed to them The boys had to spend many years learning a trade Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Harvesting at Haddenham Buckinghamshire A view of a horse pulled machine cutting corn The farm hands in the image all look very young Everyone had to help at harvest time and some rural schools closed to allow pupils to help in the fields Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR The Field Offices Breams Buildings City of London This is the compositors room in the office of The Field magazine in 1891 This is where the typesetters worked Notice the young apprentice at work All the workers are smartly dressed and wearing aprons to protect their clothes These jobs were skilled indoor jobs rather than manual labour and this is reflected in the clothing Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of Oxfordshire County Council Headington Domestic Training School Headington Oxford Oxfordshire A group of young girls training to be domestic servants at the school of Mrs G Morrell a member of the famous Oxford brewing family The school based at Headington Hill Hall the family home produced girls to serve in the best houses in the city Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Odeon Cinema Hounslow Greater London A group of staff pose for the camera at the Odeon in London Road Isleworth The boy in the middle looks quite young and could have left school at 14 The cinema was built by George Coles and opened in 1935 Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR Huskar Pit Disaster Memorial Silkstone South Yorkshire On 4 July 1838 26 children were drowned when the Huskar Pit flooded The report on the accident highlighted the conditions in which children worked in mines and the public outcry that followed caused parliament to prohibit boys under 10 and all girls from working underground Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR Hartley Memorial Earsdon Tyne and Wear A thrid of the names on this memorial are boys aged 16 or younger On 16 January 1862 the beam of the pumping engine at a colliery broke in two and left 204 man and boys trapped behind the debris that fell into the pit No survivors were found From the names and ages on the monument it is possible to see how some families lost several generations in the disaster Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Gardener Hellidon Grange Northamptonshire There are two notable aspects of this gardener from 1903 Firstly he is very smartly dressed Servants were often expected to be both out of sight and smartly attired Secondly he is very young People may take a job in service and expect to have some position in

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    Neil Short LBIPP Source English Heritage NMR Village Stocks Market Place Chapel en le Frith Derbyshire These village stocks date from the 18th century The posts are made from gritstone and have deep grooves for the wooden parts to slot into There are two sets of holes for arms and legs and a small wooden bench Stocks were used to punish people who were guilty of petty less serious crimes They had to sit on the bench with their arms and legs in the holes for a set amount of time Often other villagers made fun of them or threw things like rotten fruit at them Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Nigel Gallant LRPS Source English Heritage NMR Memorial to David Bartleman Church Plain Great Yarmouth Norfolk This gravestone has a rare inscription that refers to an English pirate attack To the memory of David Bartleman Master of the Brig Alexander and Margaret of North Shields who on the 31st of Jan 1781 on the Norfolk Coast with only three 3 pounders and ten Men and Boys Nobly Defended Himself Against a Cutter carrying eighteen 4 pounders and upwards of a Hundred Men Commanded by the notorious English Pirate Fall And fairly beat him off Two hours after the enemy came down upon him again When totally disabled His mate Daniel MacAuley Expiring whith the loss of blood and himself dangerously wounded He was obliged to Strike and ransome He brought his shattered Vessel into Yarmouth With more Than the Honour of a Conqueror And died here in Consequence of his wounds On the 14th of February following in the 25th Year of his Age Read official list description Add to My Favourites Graham Brown LRPS Source English Heritage NMR Monument of William Green Church Street Old Hunstanton Norfolk This gravestone to William Green was made in 1784 Its inscription gives valuable insight into smuggling in the 18th century It reads Here be the mangled remains of poor William Green an Honest Officer of Government who in the faithful discharge of his duty was inhumanely murdered by a gang of smugglers in this parish Read official list description Add to My Favourites Norman Wigg Source English Heritage NMR The Gibbet Stone Hindhead Surrey The Gibbet Stone was put up in 1787 by James Stillwell of Cosford House It commemorates the murder of an unknown sailor on September 24th in 1786 He was killed by three other sailors Edward Lonegan Michael Casey and James Marshall They were caught the same day and hanged in chains on the site of the murder on the 7th April 1787 There is also a gravestone in the nearby Thursley churchyard commemorating the same event Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Peter Smee LRPS Source English Heritage NMR The Bridewell Norwich Road Wymondham Norfolk This building was built in 1787 as a prison and magistrates court According to Wymondham Heritage Museum in 1779 a leading prison reformer John Howard

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    of the monasteries They were rebuilt sometime between 1676 and 1690 There are 16 cottages in all 12 of which are built round three sides of a courtyard A plaque explains that This hospitall through length of time falling into decay was rebuilt the sallarys increased the alms men augmented from VI to XII The Right Honourable Theophilus late of Huntingdon the Right Honourable Philip Earl of Chesterfield and S William Gerrard Baronet Hiers generale to the founder being governors MDCLXXXI Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Royal Chelsea Hospital Chelsea London A view of Chelsea Hospital from the east with an obelisk in the foreground The hospital was founded in response to a growing need for the recognition and care of poor sick and disabled soldiers The obelisk was errected in 1853 in memory of the men who died at Chilianwalla in 1849 The hospital was built between 1682 and 1692 by Sir Christopher Wren Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Royal Naval Hospital Greenwich Greater London Exterior of the Royal Naval Hospital in Greenwich It was originally known as The Royal Hospital for Seamen and was the great project of Queen Mary II She started it soon after becoming Queen in 1689 It was designed by Sir Christopher Wren who offered to design the hospital without charge as it was for a good cause It was built between 1696 and 1712 The founding charter stated the Hospital s purpose as the reliefe and support of Seamen serving on board the Ships and Vessells belonging to the Navy Royall who by reason of Age Wounds or other disabilities shall be uncapable of further service and unable to maintain themselves It served this same purpose until 1869 It was then empty until 1873 when it was then used by Royal Naval College who moved in from Portsmouth Add to My Favourites Mr Brian Grint Source English Heritage NMR Bethel Hospital Bethel Street Norwich Norfolk This building was originally a lunatic asylum It was built in 1713 and extended in 1899 An inscription on the re positioned foundation stone reads This house was built for benefit of distrest Lunaticks An Dom 1713 Foundress was Mary Chapman who lived there until her death in 1724 Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Alan Bradley LRPS Source English Heritage NMR John Dakin s Almshouse Kirby Hill North Yorkshire These almshouses were originally known as the Hospital of St John the Baptist They were founded in 1754 Reverend John Dakyn They were founded at the same time as the Grammar School The hospital originally accommodated 27 people This was reduced to 12 men and 12 women in 1803 when the building was extended It was converted into a smaller number of flats in the 1950s Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Michael Perry Source English Heritage NMR Brislington House Bath Road Bristol This building was the earliest purpose built private asylum It was

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    The men are Turf Accountants A Turf Accountant was an early name for a Betting Agent or Office and Daniel Gant s office catered for only wealthy clients as off course cash betting was still illegal unless done on credit In 1910 there were six telephone lines listed for Gant s offices enabling privileged clients to place their bets from the comfort of their own homes Note the extremely thin telephone directory attached to the wall Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Newcastle Street hoarding Aldwych London Newcastle Street hoarding in Aldwych The posters include Pears soap which was advertised on a mass scale in the late 19th century and Allsop s lager Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Bank of England and the Royal Exchange City of London A view of Threadneedle Street crowded with horse omnibuses and other horse drawn traffic The Bank of England and the Royal Exchange are both decorated for the coronation of Edward VII After a delay due to ill health the King was finally crowned on 9th August 1902 Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Mrs Bennetts Refreshment House Lamorna St Buryan Cornwall Mrs Bennett selling tea and coffee from her refreshment house at Lamorna She is seen here with her family Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Wood s Restaurant Berwick upon Tweed Northumberland Waitresses serve afternoon tea in Wood s Restaurant Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Woottons Store Dinton Buckinghamshire A group of people dressed in their best clothes outside the shop in Dinton All of them are wearing hats the ladies straw boaters The younger boys are wearing breeches Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR St Giles Fair Oxford Oxfordshire The Collins Helter Skelters standing in St Giles during the annual fair held at the beginning of September with a large crowd gathered outside Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Children playing Dinton Buckinghamshire A group of children playing in a lane near Dinton the older children looking after the younger ones Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Harvesting corn Haddenham Buckinghamshire At the start of the 20th century many agricultural processes were still performed by hand This labourer will have lived through the invention of many technologies including the motorcar and the telephone that would help shape the new century Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR J Plater s Cart Van Carriage Works Haddenham Buckinghamshire The staff at J Plater s Carriage Works pose for a group photograph Is the gentleman in the suit J Plater Several different crafts are visible carpenter wheelwright and smith in the background Two of the apprentices look particularly young Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Packing goods at Butler s Wharf London

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    on Trent Bottle kilns have a relatively short working life of about 30 years so were constantly rebuilt Due to recent changes in the industry few of these distinctive monuments survive in the area Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Workers at Osram Glass Works Newcastle upon Tyne Tyne and Wear This period picture shows workers clearing the broken glass and debris from machines at the plant while the apprentices look on Note how young the apprentices seem to be Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Moulding glass Osram Glass Works Newcastle upon Tyne Tyne and Wear Here a glass vessel is being formed in a mould This method of glass manufacture has a history going back about 5 000 years Glass production is often centred around areas rich fuels such as coal Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Glass blowing Osram Glass Works Newcastle upon Tyne Tyne and Wear The method of forming hollow vessels by blowing a blob of molten glass through a pipe dates to about 50 BC The procedure was honed in the Middle Ages especially in Venice This man is following in a long tradition of glass blowers Add to My Favourites Mr Bob Cottrell ARPS AFIAP DPAGB Source English H Lemington Cone Throckley Tyne and Wear This cone was built in c1787 for the Northumberland Glass Company It is now the only surviving glasshouse on the Tyne an area famous since the early 17th century for the manufacture of glass Read official list description Add to My Favourites Paul Eggleston Source English Heritage NMR The Glassworks Cone Catcliffe South Yorkshire This cone shaped building was built in 1740 for William Fenney He had previously managed a nearby Glasshouse owned by his mother in law Eventually the Catcliffe Glasshouse passed into the hands of Henry Blunn before its closure in 1884 1887 It then re opened briefly in 1900 The cone is now the oldest surviving structure of its type in Western Europe and one of only four to remain in the United Kingdom Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Brian Peach LRPS Source English Heritage NMR Etruscan Bone Mill Stoke on Trent This complete range of buildings includes a calcining kiln bone crushing workshops and an engine house These all made products that were needed to make pottery They were built in 1857 All of the working equipment within them survives It has been restored as a working museum Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Donald Pittman Source English Heritage NMR Former Gladstone and Park Place Roslyn Works Longton Stoke on Trent This former pottery works is now a working museum Most of the buildings date to c1860 There were pottery works on the site before this date Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Clive Shenton Source English Heritage NMR Trent and Mersey Canal Tunnel portals Tunstall Stoke on Trent

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    this furnace illustrates how iron was produced Ironstone ore was tipped into the top of the furnace along with limestone It was heated in the furnace with fuel coal and later coke to force the iron from the stone It was tapped off at the bottom as a liquid and run off into moulds to harden Add to My Favourites Mr Richard Bland Source English Heritage NMR Former Lace Factory Chard Town Somerset These building were formerly a lace factory belonging to Gifford Fox and Company Limited They date from around 1820 30 and were constructed to be fireproof The lace or plain net trade was established here after 1820 by manufacturers who had fled from the Luddite resistance they had faced in the Midlands In 1848 on the 4th floor of the mill John Stringfellow 1799 1883 achieved the first sustained powered flight with a 10 foot wingspan model aeroplane powered by a light weight steam engine The flight was repeated in a marquee in Cremorna Gardens London later in 1848 The model aeroplane and the steam engine were designed and built by Stringfellow probably in his workshops behind his house No 121 High Street Stringfellow was a bobbin and carriage maker from Nottingham Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Christopher Fransella ARPS Source English Heri Tinman s Row Cobham Surrey This row of 8 ironworkers cottages were built in c1803 They were built for Alexander Raby of Cobham Park He was the owner of Downside Mill The original plan of No s 1 7 was a living room and scullery on the ground floor and a bedroom and landing above Downside Mill may have produced tin plate hence the name of this row which was originally called Tin Row Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Ivor Corkell Source English Heritage NMR Pump Engine House South Crofty Mine Station Road Carn Brea Cornwall This engine house held the pump for Robinson s shaft at the South Crofty Tin Mine It dates from 1903 and was built around the engine which is dated 1854 to protect it The 80 inch cylinder Cornish beam engine is still inside It was used to pump water from the mine The beam can be seen sticking out from the side of the engine house where it was attached to the pump The engine came from Tregurtha Downs Mine near Marazion It has not been used since 1955 but is still in good condition Engine houses similar to this one were a common site during the industrial revolution Read official list description Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Macclesfield Cheshire A view across the town from the east end of the parish church Some of Macclesfield s textile mills can be seen They were still working at this time The town became a centre for the textile industry as it had good road and rail links which made it cheap to get raw materials to the mills and

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web-archive-uk.com, 2018-01-20