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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    Cart Van and Carriage Works Haddenham Buckinghamshire The workers at this carriage works are assembled to have their photograph taken in 1903 Each holds the tools they use in their job At this time craftsmen passed on their skills to boys who were apprenticed to them The boys had to spend many years learning a trade Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Frank Cooper s Works Victoria Buildings Park End Street Oxford Oxfordshire This is the interior of Frank Cooper s marmalade factory This was his new factory where the company continued production and sales of marmalade after 1900 The photograph shows women and girls shredding fruit They are wearing aprons over their everyday clothes Some of them are also wearing removeable sleeves to protect their clothes Coopers marmalade was previously sold from Frank Cooper s High Street shop and made at the back of the shop The marmalade recipe was based upon his wife Sarah s recipe Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Delivery men Osram Glass Works Newcastle upon Tyne Tyne and Wear The driver and his mate are posed by their steam powered lorry outside the Osram Glass Works at about the turn of the 19th to 20th century Judging by the lorry s tyres and the state of the road they would need to drive slowly to prevent breakages Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Harvesting in Oxfordshire A horse drawn reaping machine gathering hay possibly taken as part of the Country Life series Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Pay day at Butlers Wharf London Many people were paid weekly in cash until relatively recently These men are waiting patiently on Friday afternoon while the paymaster looks on For security reasons the wages were kept in a locked section of the works Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Queuing for work at Butler s Wharf London A system of casual employment was operated in London docks whereby men would queue up to be taken on each day This was unpopular but continued well into the 20th century Large numbers were required when trade was good because almost all the work of moving and loading goods was done by hand Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Haycock and Russell General Store Banbury Lane Byfield Northamptonshire This general store seems to have had a wide range of delivery methods In this picture they have a pony and trap a horse and cart a delivery boy with a basket on wheels and a small boy with a wheeled handcart The shop was a bakers and confectioners and also sold a variety of drinks and goods They seemed to be having a promotion of Cambridge lemonade when the picture was taken Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Roddas Smithy 15 Park Corner Penzance Cornwall

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=6 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    individuals The almhouse was founded in 1437 by the Earl and Countess of Suffolk to house 13 poor men under the care of two chaplains Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr KM Walker LRPS Former Parish Poor House Upton on Severn Worcestershire In the late 1500s individual parishes became responsible for looking after their poor Each parish had an Overseer of the Poor to collect money from householders and distribute it to the needy This building was the parish Poor House 1763 1836 Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Romsey Workhouse Romsey Hampshire Larger often purpose built poor houses or workhouses were built in the 1700s Some included training schools for children a hospital for the elderly and a house of correction where poor people were trained and made to work Originally built in 1774 this workhouse was subsequently enlarged in 1836 It is now used to provide sheltered housing Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Former Workhouse Wootton Northamptonshire 1839 In 1834 the New Poor Law was introduced based on a system of Union workhouses serving collections of parishes and often built in isolated positions on the outskirts of towns The workhouses were designed to segregate different types of inmates in separate parts of the building Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Union Workhouse Kirkbymoorside North Yorkshire This workhouse was built in 1850 After 1834 people were only offered support if they entered the workhouse Known as the Test this was supposed to stop people asking for relief unless they really needed it Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Trevor Cowans Workhouse now St Albright s Hospital Colchester Essex Lexden and Winstree workhouse was built in 1837 to an approved plan This plan was like a wheel with a raised building at the hub centre to enable the masters and matrons to watch and supervise the inmates at all times particularly when outside in the exercise yards Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Chris Pocock FRPS Workhouse now hospital High Street Purton North Wiltshire This workhouse built for Cricklade and Wootton Bassett Union in 1837 was a modest low cost building based on one of several off the peg models of workhouse provided by the central Poor Law Authority Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Union Workhouse Northleach Gloucestershire The new Northleach Union workhouse was built at the east end of Northleach in 1836 The Poor Law Commissioners authorised an expenditure of 3 650 on construction of the building which was intended to accommodate up to 200 inmates Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Alan Simpson LRPS Chapel to former West Ham Union Workhouse Greater London From the 1840s some Unions began to build separate chapels like this one It was not compulsory and finance was generally raised by voluntary contributions with inmates sometimes used as labour Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Brian Arnold Countesthorpe Cottage Homes

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=33 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    the excavations of 1971 Flint nodules are wrapped in animal skins and carried to the surface with different people performing separate tasks This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Housesteads Roman fort near Bardon Mill Northumberland Reconstruction drawing of the communal latrines at Housesteads Roman fort Vercovicium on Hadrian s Wall This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Read detailed archaeological description Add to My Favourites Terry Ball Source English Heritage Photo Library Restormel Castle near Lostwithiel Cornwall Reconstruction drawing of Restormel Castle showing the 13th century shell keep on the Norman motte and the outer bailey This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Add to My Favourites Peter Dunn Source English Heritage Photo Library Roman fort Wallsend Tyne and Wear Reconstruction drawing of the Roman fort at Wallsend Segedunum This fort on the River Tyne marked the eastern end of Hadrian s Wall Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage Photo Library 13th century Clifford s Tower York Castle York York Illustrative reconstruction of York Castle as it might have looked in the late 13th century The 11th century Clifford s Tower is now the only surviving part of the castle This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Read detailed archaeological description Add to My Favourites Peter Dunn Source English Heritage Photo Library Rievaulx Abbey Rievaulx Ryedale North Yorkshire The Cistercian monastery was founded in 1132 This reconstruction drawing shows the presbytery in the 13th century with the monks at worship After the dissolution the site was granted to the Earl of Rutland along with the Helmsley estates This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage Photo Library Reconstruction drawing of Cleeve Abbey Somerset A drawing reconstructing the interior of the refectory of the Cistercian monastery of Cleeve Abbey as it might have looked one mealtime soon after its completion in the 13th century The monastery was originally founded here by the Earl of Lincoln s grandson in 1198 The abbey was at its peak in the 13th and 14th centuries with up to 28 monks and numerous lay brothers In 1536 the abbey was dissolved by Henry VIII as part of the Dissolution of the Monasteries This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Download the Cleeve Abbey Teacher s Kit to find out more Take advantage of our free entry for Learning Groups Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Aerial View Kenilworth Castle Kenilworth Warwickshire Reconstruction drawing of Kenilworth Castle in the 16th century when it was at its most grand At this time the castle was the home of the Earl of Leicester a favourite of Elizabeth I This property is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Download the Kenilworth Castle Teacher s Kit to find out more Take advantage of our free entry for

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=34 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    at Housesteads Roman fort Vercovicium on Hadrian s Wall This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Read detailed archaeological description Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Housesteads Roman Fort Bardon Mill Northumberland An aerial view of Housesteads Fort Its Roman name Vercovicium means The Place of Fighters It was one of a chain of forts built along Hadrian s Wall This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Read detailed archaeological description Add to My Favourites Peter Dunn Source English Heritage Photo Library Roman fort Wallsend Tyne and Wear Reconstruction drawing of the Roman fort at Wallsend Segedunum This fort on the River Tyne marked the eastern end of Hadrian s Wall Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Housesteads Roman fort near Bardon Mill Northumberland Reconstruction drawing of the courtyard of the Commandant s house in the Roman fort at Housesteads Vercovicium This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Read detailed archaeological description Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Bath House Ruins Wroxeter Roman City Wroxeter Shropshire The ruins of the Roman town of Viroconium Cornoviorum can be seen at Wroxeter This view looks across the baths towards the wall which divided them from the exercise hall Though a small village today Wroxeter was the fourth largest town in Roman Britain It was a fortress from about AD 47 then became a civilian settlement from about AD 90 and thrived for 400 years The Roman Army first appeared in the Wroxeter region in about AD 47 when it advanced along the line of the modern A5 which largely follows the course of the Roman road Watling Street By the late 50s AD it was a Legionary Fortress the base of the Fourteenth Legion and then the Twentieth Legion Virtually all the buildings were of timber as were the defences While the fortress was occupied a small civilian trading settlement seems to have developed close by When the legions left in AD 90 the street grid and some of the buildings of the fortress were used to form the nucleus of the first town that replaced the fortress This town was the seat of government for the tribal authority who now governed the region in the name of the Cornovii the local tribe They set out the boundaries of the town which included the site of the fortress A street grid of 48 town blocks was laid out This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2011 Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Roman wall City of London A fragment of the Roman town wall of London Many Roman towns still have fragments of their original walls surviving This site is now in the care of English Heritage 2010 Find out more Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage Photo Library Hadrian s Wall and Cawfields milecastle Haltwhistle Northumberland A view looking eastwards along Hadrian s Wall as it runs over

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=35 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    of England Schools in 1885 It was then acquired by the Presbyterians and used as Mission School and Sunday School until 1937 Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mrs Mollie Toy Source English Heritage NMR The Ragged School Brook Street Nottingham This building was the Town Mission Ragged School Ragged Schools began in the 1850s when the Earl of Shaftesbury promoted the idea that children should work less and have at least basic schooling This school was designed by C H Edwards a London architect in 1857 It was officially opened by the Earl of Shaftesbury in 1859 At that time the local lace mills often worked night and day using child labour After the Education Act of 1870 the school became part of the Nottingham School Board Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr John Burrows DPAGB Source English Heritage NMR Wynnstay House Cheltenham Gloucestershire This is the oldest surviving specially designed Infant School built according to the most up to date ideas of the time It was opened on 20 July 1830 Inside it was originally a single schoolroom measuring 60 x 30 feet It was designed to accommodate 250 children aged 2 to 7 It was designed by Samuel Wilderspin who believed infants needed face to face group teaching He developed what was later named the chalk and talk method of teaching The building has been converted into offices Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Malcolm Sales ARPS ABIPP Source English Heritage NMR Former British School Melton Mowbray Leicestershire This school was built as a British School in 1839 It was built in a Gothic style known as Ecclesiastical church Gothic that was used by all the church schools at this time The British and Foreign School Society supported the building of schools called British Schools on behalf of the Nonconformist churches The school later became St Mary s C of E Infants School Read official list description Add to My Favourites Ms Diana Hill Source English Heritage NMR The Old School Martock Somerset This school was built in 1846 It is a good example of a small National School It has the inscription Glory to God in the Highest Martock National School House erected by public and private contributions AD 1846 Jesus said suffer the little children to come unto me National Schools were set up by The National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor They supported the building of National Schools on behalf of the Church of England Read official list description Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Kilburn Lane Board School Kilburn Lane West Kilburn Greater London Interior of the carpenters shop showing students at work The London School Board was created under the Elementary Education Act 1870 to provide schools in the area covered by the London County Council In the late 1890s the minimum school leaving age went up from 10 to 12 Schools began to introduce more

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=91 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    of King George III 1760 1820 Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Margate Pier Margate Kent Crowds line the pier in Margate whilst sailing boats can be seen out to sea By the end of the 19th century Margate was already a well established holiday resort Margate Pier was designed by Eugenius Birch in 1856 It was extended in 1875 8 and an entertainment pavilion was built at the pier head The pier closed in 1976 on safety grounds and was virtually destroyed by a storm on 11th January 1978 Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Picnic at Kennack Sands St Keverne Cornwall A group having a picnic on the beach at Kennack Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Broadstairs Kent Holidaymakers on the beach at Broadstairs with a line of bathing machines drawn up onto the shore Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR The beach at Scarborough North Yorkshire Holidaymakers enjoy themselves on the beach at Scarborough Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Punch and Judy show Lowestoft Suffolk Children watching a Punch and Judy show on the beach at Lowestoft at a charge of 3d Lowestoft Pier can be seen in the background beyond the holidaymakers showing temporary repairs following World War II Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR The Beach Great Yarmouth Norfolk This photograph of the beach was taken in 1948 with Britannia Pier in the background Notice the clothing that people are wearing The men are wearing shirts waistcoats and suits to visit the beach The deck chairs have the initials of Great Yarmouth Council on them suggesting that they could be hired for the day from the council One of the boats on the beach seems to be taking passengers out on a trip Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Regatta at Beer Devon Spectators gathered by the shore for the annual regatta at Beer in Devon The yachts are pulled up on the shore before the race begins Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Clacton on Sea Essex A view of the pier complete with rollercoaster In the foreground holidaymakers lounge in deckchairs while a small boat offers sea trips Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Northstead Lido Scarborough North Yorkshire Children playing at the Northstead Lido in Scarborough Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Padstow Harbour Padstow Cornwall A group of young children playing with toy boats in a pool of sea water in Padstow Harbour at low tide with buildings on the quayside in the background Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Donkey rides on Bridlington Beach East Yorkshire Children sitting on donkeys on Bridlington Beach in East Yorkshire Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Miniature Train on Hunstanton Pier Norfolk Hunstanton Pier was built in 1870 71 Here a miniature railway carries holidaymakers along the pier Add to My

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=4 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    Lancashire A house near Sunderland Point Lancashire A negro slave called Sambo who is buried nearby is said to have died here in 1736 Very little is known about Sambo s life Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Image of a Slave ship This piece of embroidery shows 2 scenes One shows what could be a slave ship The other is the inside a house or possibly a church It is in the style of a sampler Samplers were usually worked by girls learning to sew They sometimes included letters of the alphabet but could also show events and scenes from a person s life The story behind this embroidery is a mystery Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Cyril N Chapman LRPS Gravestone of a Slave Scipio Africanus Bristol Gravestone of Scipio Africanus 1720 St Mary s Church Henbury Bristol The gravestone bears an interesting inscription giving an insight into how black people were thought of at this time in history Read inscription Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Slave Trade Port Sugar Silo Huskisson Dock Liverpool Tate Lyle Sugar Silo Huskinsson Dock Liverpool Sugar cane cut by slaves was imported and refined here Merchants and manufacturers made huge profits Add to My Favourites Copyright English Heritage NMR Slave Trade Port Albert Dock Liverpool Merseyside Warehouses used to store goods including products of the Slave Trade such as sugar and tobacco Albert Dock Liverpool Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Slave Trade Port Ringers Tobacco Factory Bristol Ringers Tobacco Factory The manufacture of tobacco became an important trade in Bristol Tobacco was imported from the West Indies and America where it was cut by slaves Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr Keith Hurst Church built with profits

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=18 (2016-02-13)
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    Settlement at Durrington Walls nr Stonehenge Wiltshire This reconstruction drawing shows the Neolithic settlement at Durrington Walls as it might have looked in 2500BC It is a few miles from Stonehenge and it is believed to be where the people who built Stonehenge lived It is made up of small squarish huts for people to live in and oval pens enclosures for animals to be kept in In the centre is Woodhenge The drawing is based on archaeological excavations Add to My Favourites English Heritage Neolithic New Stone Age Houses Stonehenge Wiltshire These two huts are reconstructions of Neolithic houses Their shape is based on excavations of Neolithic houses at Durrington Walls They are made from thin hazel rods woven around upright posts like a hazel hurdle fence The woven structure is then covered inside and out with a mixture of crushed chalk chopped straw and water This is called chalk daub Their roofs have been thatched with straw from wheat There are 5 houses in total outside the Visitor Centre at Stonehenge Each house has been thatched in a different way as although archaeology tells us about the walls there is no surviving evidence to prove exactly how the roofs would have looked Add to My Favourites English Heritage Interior of Reconstructed Neolithic New Stone Age House Stonehenge Wiltshire This photo shows the inside of one of the reconstructed Neolithic houses at Stonehenge In it you can see the central hearth or fireplace To the left is a bed made of two long pieces of split tree trunk with smaller branches laid across them like slats This is then covered with animal skins To the right is a set of wooden shelves used for storing objects such as pots knives axes wooded bowls pottery woven baskets and leather bags On the walls are an animal skin cloak a quiver of arrows and some pieces of fabric Add to My Favourites English Heritage Photo Library Windmill Hill Causewayed Enclosure Avebury Wiltshire Windmill Hill is a Neolithic causewayed enclosure It is part of a landscape that includes an early prehistoric field system and group of eight Early Bronze Age round barrows It is on a hill north west of Avebury Stone Circle It has 3 sets of banks and ditches The ditches are interrupted by causeways These are the gaps between each section of ditch Radio carbon dates tell us that the enclosure was in use from about 3000BC to around 2500BC The site was excavated by H G O Kendall in 1922 3 Alexander Keiller in 1925 9 I F Smith in 1957 and A Whittle in 1990 The finds uncovered included Neolithic flint artefacts such as arrowheads axe heads a sickle blade and scrapers Numerous animal bones and skulls as well as ceremonial chalk cups were also found A type of Neolithic pottery found on sites across Wessex was first identified here and has hence taken the name of the site Windmill Hill type pottery This site is now

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=121 (2016-02-13)
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web-archive-uk.com, 2017-12-18