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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    a familiar site in the urban landscape rising and falling depending on the volume of gas they were storing With the development of natural gas they have become redundant and most will be demolished Two horses make a surprising contrast as they graze on the site of the former gas works Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Advertisement for Atterton s patent one man charging apparatus An advertisement from Newbiggin s Handbook for Gas Engineers and Managers 5th edition 1889 The Victorians faith in engineering produced solutions to every need The advert suggests that this gadget will increase efficiency in the gas manufacturing industry allowing one man to do the work of a team Add to My Favourites English Heritage Source Ms Ruth Povey Retort house Gasferry Road Bristol This former Retort House was built in c1840 for the Bristol and Clifton Oil Gas Company The Bristol and Clifton Oil Gas Co was established on the site in 1823 Coal was heated in enclosed horizontal ovens known as retorts and the gas given off The retorts had to be filled or charged with coal by hand which was hard back breaking work Add to My Favourites English Heritage Gasometer in Windsor Bridge Road Bath Bath North East Somerset Gasometers actually gas holders were once prominent features in the townscape They were used to hold gas that made been produced usually by burning coal With the discovery of natural gas the need to produce gas declined and gasometers have become redundant many have been demolished Add to My Favourites English Heritage Gas retort house at Coldharbour Mill Uffculme Devon Retorts are ovens in which coal is baked to release coal gas Before the gas supply network was established many companies produced gas on a small scale for their own needs in buildings such as this Coldharbour Mill was a woollen mill using water steam and gas power it is now a textile mill museum Add to My Favourites English Heritage Advertisement for a gas lighter An advertisement for an electric gas lighter which appeared in W Hole The Distribution of Gas 1912 Previously gas lights had to be lit by hand using a naked flame Add to My Favourites English Heritage Gasometer from The Boys Book of Industrial Information This page from The Boys Book of Industrial Information circa 1870 shows a gas holder a gasometer is actually the meter within the holder that measures the amount of gas held Books of this type demonstrate the high level of popular interest in engineering and technology during the Victorian period Add to My Favourites English Heritage Stoking in a gas retort house An illustration from M T Yates Graphic Stories of Inventions circa 1904 showing men stoking the retorts in a gas retort house A retort is an oven in which coal is baked to release coal gas The process was superseded by the use of natural gas Add to My Favourites English Heritage Gasworks in Tomlinson

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=109 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    New Malden Sewage Works New Malden New Maldon Greater London Exterior view of the new buildings of the sewage works in New Malden with the settling tanks to the left Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage New Road Waterworks Barking London The workforce pose with shovels and picks beside a wooden tower at the New Road Waterworks in Dagenham Polluted water from the Thames caused many outbreaks of disease especially cholera The Metropolitan water Act of 1852 tackled some of the problems of the water supply but it took until the end of the century before the necessary changes were fully implemented Add to My Favourites Mr Alan Whitcroft ARPS Source English Heritage NM Former Bailey Hill Water Tower West Hill Road Luton This tower was one of the towers built to supply water to Stopsley after the drought of 1898 It was constructed in 1901 in an Arts and Crafts style from Luton grey bricks with stone dressings Read official list description Add to My Favourites Miss Patricia Philpott ARPS Source English Herita Former East Farleigh Waterworks Barming Kent The waterworks was built in 1860 in an Egyptian style It provided water to Maidstone which in 1897 suffered one of the worst outbreaks of typhoid in the country Polluted spring water entered the waterworks which failed to filter out the bacteria and the supply was not turned off soon enough It was later used as a coachworks and joinery Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mrs Angela Clark LRPS Source English Heritage NMR Stench Pipe Grays Thurrock This stench pipe was probably built in the mid 18th century as part of the sewage system for the now demolished Belhus Hall The chimney probably acted as a foul air vent for sewage flushed into and then pumped along the culvert pipe It is also unusual for being built in such an elaborate and ornamental style Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr Alan Fleming Source English Heritage NMR Dewent Dam Derwent Lane Derwent Derbyshire The dam was built in 1902 16 to create the Derwent reservoir Edward Sandeman was the Engineer The dam is 1 110 feet long and 114 feet high The base is 178 feet thick tapering to 10 feet at the top It is one of three large reservoirs constructed by the Derwent Valley Water Board They provide water for Sheffield Derby Nottingham and Leicester There is a small museum in the west tower of the dam celebrating the connection to the Dambusters raid of WW2 Read official list description Add to My Favourites Mr James Leach Source English Heritage NMR Beam Engine House Longden Coleham Shropshire This building was the Coleham Pumping Station It was built in 1900 It was built to look like a chapel It housed two massive steam driven beam engines They were built by Renshaws of Stoke to pump sewage This was part of Shrewsbury s new sewerage system Read official list description Download

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=110 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    They are often outside of town centres among rows of terraced houses Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Ms Pamela Jackson LRPS Oldham Town Hall Greater Manchester Town Hall incorporating courts and civic offices built in 1841 It was built in the classical style of buildings from Ancient Greece as an acknowledgement of democratic government Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mrs Anne Gilmore LRPS CPAGB Warehouse D Albert Dock Canning Place Liverpool Merseyside Many Victorians became rich by trading goods from all over the world This warehouse built in 1841 5 would have been used to store goods suh as sugar that were brought in and cloth to be shipped out The Albert Dock was one of the earliest enclosed docks in the world Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Holloway Prison Islington Greater London Holloway Prison was built in 1849 51 by J B Bunning who copied the gatehouse from Warwick Castle It became a women s prison in 1902 A rebuilding programme began in the 1970s Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr D R Smith LRPS Holy Trinity Almshouses Heath Town Wolverhampton The tradition of almshouses continued alongside the workhouse system These almshouses were built around 1850 at the expense of a local benefactor and were closely associated with Holy Trinity Church They still provide sheltered housing today Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Former Leeds New Workhouse St James Hospital Leeds Originally a workhouse St James Hospital was built by Perkin and Backhouse of Leeds The Leeds New Workhouse was built to accomodate 800 persons at a cost of 32 000 The foundation stone was laid in 1858 and the building opened 28 03 1861 In common with many workhouses it later became part of the Leeds Township Infirmary which was funded by the Poor Law Guardians In 1995 it was converted into the Thackray Medical Museum Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr G M Smith ARPS Museum and Public Library Fleetwood Lancashire Fleetwood Museum and Public Library 1863 Self improvment was important to Victorians Libraries were built to allow the people to educate and improve themselves Add to My Favourites COPYRIGHT English Heritage NMR Anglo Bavarian Brewery Shepton Mallet Somerset This brewery was built in around 1864 and is typical of many Victorian factories and industrial buildings with its grandiose design Since 1830 when an Act of Parliament allowed greater freedom for the establishing of beer houses the consumption of beer flourished This building has now been converted into factory units Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Spurgeons Orphanage Stockwell Brixton Greater London Children gathered outside an orphanage in 1884 it was built in 1866 The government did not provide any orphanages they were all funded by private individuals or religious groups Dr Barnardo s first home was not set up until 1870 but by 1905 he had set up 66 homes and helped over 60 000 children

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=28 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    were frequently over crowded with cramped and insanitary conditions Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Worker s housing Port Sunlight Merseyside Children outside half timbered worker s housing built as part of the model village for the Tudor Company in Port Sunlight Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Workers housing Robinwood Mill Todmorden West Yorkshire These regular streets of terraced houses were constructed in 1864 for the workers at Robinwood Mill The larger houses would have been for the overlookers foremen in the mill and were built to a high standard A toilet and coal cupboard was situated in an outhouse adjoining the kitchen Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR Arkwright Town Duckmanton Derbyshire Arkwright Towns was built in the mid 19th century to house the workers of the local mine The town was laid out in a grid pattern with wider streets than often seen in Victorian terraces although the houses still open onto the street It was demolished and a new settlement built in the mid 1990s Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR 20 Victoria Street Shildon Durham These 19th century worker s houses were built by the Stockton and Darlington Railway Co Many companies built their workers houses with larger and better properties going to managers and more senior workers The quality of houses varied considerably Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Mr CJ Wright LRPS Parade Street Barrow in Furness Cumbria A typical row of Victorian red brick terraced houses fronting directly onto the street Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR Edward Street Saltaire Shipley West Yorkshire The housing in Saltaire reflected the status of the workers Most of the workers occupied small houses consisting of 4 rooms and cellar pantry The larger corner houses were for managers and supervisors Mill owner Titus Salt spent 20 years planning and building this model town Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Dr Robert Slade Terrace of 24 cottages Railway Village Swindon One of the streets in the development built for the Great Western Railway Company workforce These are two storey buildings with a separate dwelling on each floor all two rooms deep The downstairs houses were reached through a passage on the front upstairs by lean to stairs from the walled rear yard Toilets were in the rear yard Add to My Favourites English Heritage NMR Lorna Freeman Church Road Kemble Gloucestershire Two pairs of semi detached cottages built in the late 19th century from local Cotswold Stone Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Reading Road Lower Basildon Berkshire This row of five smart gabled timber framed cottages were built in 1865 as estate cottages for a Charles Morrison Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR New Bolsover Post Office Old Bolsover Derbyshire The Post Office at Bolsover was built 1888 93 as part of the model village that served the nearby mine run by the Bolsover Colliery Company By providing

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=29 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    a form of jack Marlow Bridge the 19th century suspension bridge over the River Thames can be seen in the background Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Gloucester Dock Gloucestershire The Gloucester and Sharpness Canal was built to specifications that allowed ocean going vessels to reach Gloucester despite its distance from the sea This allowed Gloucester to compete with coastal docks in the 19th century as this picture shows and it had a profound effect on the commercial aspects of the town Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Westington Quarry Westington Chipping Campden Gloucestershire Five of the quarrymen are standing posed at the entrance to the quarry one on the trolley which carries stone from the quarry The quarry is still in use today providing stone for paving and walls Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR Oaks Disaster Memorial Ardsley Barnsley South Yorkshire On 12 December 1866 340 men and boys were working the Old Oaks Colliery when an under ventilated shaft exploded At 9 am the following morning the shaft exploded for a second time killing 27 of the 198 rescuers A total of 361 people died before the rescue was completed Add to My Favourites Crown copyright NMR Huskar Pit Disaster Memorial Silkstone South Yorkshire On 4 July 1838 26 children were drowned when the Huskar Pit flooded The report on the accident highlighted the conditions in which children worked in mines and the public outcry that followed caused parliament to prohibit boys under 10 and all girls from working underground Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Old Weir Bray Berkshire Workmen operating a pully mechanism to lift large wooden poles during construction of the new weir with the older one in

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=10 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    Museum from the road with horse drawn vehicles The building was designed by Alfred Waterhouse and built in 1881 Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR The Green Witney Oxfordshire People milling around at the Feast Fair held in early September with merry go rounds and stalls beyond The tall narrow board in the foreground is the back of a hammer hitting challenge with a marker that ascends toward a bell Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Regatta Henley on Thames Oxfordshire The Grand Challenge Cup race on the River Thames during the regatta watched by spectators on the bank and on boats Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Skating near Oxford Oxfordshire People skating and playing ice hockey on the River Cherwell during one of the coldest winters on record During February of this year most of the rivers around Oxford were blocked by ice flows Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR The Chequers Headington Oxford Oxfordshire The Headington Quarry Morris Men outside the Chequers pub with a fiddle player at the centre Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of Oxfordshire County Council Pleasure boat at Nuneham Park Nuneham Courtenay Oxfordshire A large pleasure boat moored at the banks of the river Thames at Nuneham Courtney the seat of Lord Harcourt The area was a favourite place for picnics and river jaunts and parties were allowed to land on Tuesdays and Thursdays during the season Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of Oxfordshire County Council Market Square Bampton Oxfordshire The local hunt mustering hounds outside the Talbot Hotel in the village A crowd of villagers have gathered to watch them set off Add to My Favourites Reproduced by

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=8 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    been worn by an older working class woman or a woman from a rural area Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company Limited Alma Street Coventry West Midlands The interior of the carriage tyre shop showing employees at work All the workers are dressed in their everyday clothes and wearing aprons to protect them These jobs were skilled indoor jobs rather than manual labour and this is reflected in the clothing Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Post lady Kerrier Cornwall This woman working as a post lady is emptying a post box at an unidentified location in Kerrier Cornwall She is wearing a dress and coat with a uniform cap Although it was relatively unusual for women to hold positions such as this at the time it was not unknown Many women were starting to campaign for equality through movements such as the suffragettes Women over 21 achieved the vote in 1928 27 years after this picture was taken Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Fisher Row Oxford Oxfordshire Osier peeling taking place in April alongside the river The willow wands were made into a range of objects such as eel traps shown in the picture next to a foreman The working people are all wearing hats The foreman in charge is wearing a jacket and a bowler hat as a sign of his higher status Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR The Field Offices Breams Buildings City of London This is the compositors room in the office of The Field magazine in 1891 This is where the typesetters worked Notice the young apprentice at work All the workers are smartly dressed and wearing aprons to protect their clothes These jobs were skilled indoor jobs rather than manual labour and this is reflected in the clothing Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Frank Cooper s Works Victoria Buildings Park End Street Oxford Oxfordshire This is the interior of Frank Cooper s marmalade factory This was his new factory where the company continued production and sales of marmalade after 1900 The photograph shows women and girls shredding fruit They are wearing aprons over their everyday clothes Some of them are also wearing removeable sleeves to protect their clothes Coopers marmalade was previously sold from Frank Cooper s High Street shop and made at the back of the shop The marmalade recipe was based upon his wife Sarah s recipe Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Early Blanket Factory Witney Oxfordshire Women machinists sewing and folding blankets at the Witney Blanket Factory in the 19th century The women are wearing aprons over their everyday clothes Most of them are wearing smart looking hats At this time everybody wore hats out of doors It is possible that these ladies would not normally have worn their hats while working but

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=92 (2016-02-13)
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  • Heritage Explorer - Images By Theme
    1914 and 1918 Here an almost exclusively female workforce prepare shells for the war effort Add to My Favourites Copyright Crown copyright NMR Trollope Colls Ltd Pleasant Works Liverpool Merseyside During World War I employers had to rethink the jobs given to women Even so they were often given traditionally feminine roles like these women sewing the fabric onto aircraft wings Elsewhere in this factory however women were beginning to work alongside men in jobs like carpentry Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Two servants Byfield Northamptonshire Before the liberating 1960s a career for many women meant making the choice between secretarial work healthcare or service These two maids were photographed in a house in Byfield Northamptonshire sometime between 1896 and 1920 Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Frank Cooper s Works Victoria Buildings Park End Street Oxford Oxfordshire Interior showing women and girls at work The majority are seated at tables preparing fruit Others are standing at a wooden shelf to one side sieving fruit In the foreground are tubs of apples awaiting preparation Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Post lady Kerrier Cornwall This woman working as a post lady is emptying a post box at an unidentified location in Kerrier Cornwall She is wearing a dress and coat with a uniform cap Although it was relatively unusual for women to hold positions such as this at the time it was not unknown Many women were starting to campaign for equality through movements such as the suffragettes Women over 21 achieved the vote in 1928 27 years after this picture was taken Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Cunard Shell Works Rimrose Road Bootle Merseyside Shell heads of various sizes are being processed in this picture Despite the shortage of male labour during the War men were still often used as managers and skilled workers although many women did become supervisors and checkers Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Packing fish Scarborough North Yorkshire A group of middle class people watch from the harbour wall as fish are gutted and packed into barrels This work seems to be performed exclusively by women although the supervisor is a man Herring were gutted and packed by teams of migrant workers mostly Scottish fisher girls The tourists are wearing very different clothes from the workers The workers are wearing clogs on their feet Clogs were hardwearing and good protection from water and mud This photograph was taken at the old pier Scarborough Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Early Blanket Factory Witney Oxfordshire Two women working at large power looms in the blanket mill Wintey s largest industry Add to My Favourites Reproduced by permission of English Heritage NMR Somerville College Woodstock Road Oxford Oxfordshire Agnes Maitland the second Principal of Somerville College seated at the desk in her study Add

    Original URL path: http://www.heritage-explorer.co.uk/web/he/imagebytheme.aspx?ctid=23 (2016-02-13)
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