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  • Caring for Frog & Toads
    your frogs and toads Heating And Humidity With these engaging amphibians found across the world and from northern Europe to the equator as you might expect there s considerable variance when it comes to how warm their tank needs to be Your supplier should be able to give you appropriate advice both in terms of the most suitable temperature range and the best kind of heating system for achieving it if required Unlike reptiles frogs and toads don t go in for much basking so there s seldom any need to provide a hot spot Although there are sometimes desert species available in general the frogs and toads sold as exotic pets need moist surroundings and in some cases excessively so Provide a water dish ideally large enough for the occasional swim mist regularly and most of these amphibians will be happy However since like most of their brethren frogs are prone to both fungal and bacterial infections don t overdo things and keep a careful eye out for any signs of mould Keeping your tank clean and fungus free is one of the biggest factors in ensuring your pets stay healthy and it can be a challenge Food And Feeding Frogs and toads are fully paid up carnivores and like the rest of their amphibian relatives it s the movement of the prey which attracts them The size of the food obviously depends on the animal and although some species are a bit specialised in what they eat the ones seen in pet shops tend to be fairly easy going in their tastes Typical standbys such as crickets locusts and mealworms will normally be taken happily though it s a good idea to augment their diets with as many wild caught worms woodlice slugs and insects as you can but do be careful only to hunt in areas you know are free of pesticides However some of the larger species will need bigger meals For the big boys of the frog world the likes of the African Bullfrog Pyxiecephalus adspersus or any of the many kinds of Horned Frog Ceratophrys sp dead pinkie mice can be used but you ll probably have to wave them in front of your frogs with a set of blunt tweezers to get them to bite A word of warning about Ceratophrys these animals have a frightening appetite a wide taste in prey and a mouth like a flip top bin They ll happily eat anything smaller than themselves so keep them singly they are not above making a meal out of each other Like the rest of their relatives frogs and toads don t make great pets for handling but the larger and drier kinds do tolerate being handled a little though since they are often equipped with defensive skin secretions washing your hands afterwards is a must Never the less with one or two notable exceptions such as Ceratophrys they make gentle subjects for the vivarium and even the Horned Frog redeems

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-frogtoads.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Caring for Lizards
    additional heat in their tank There are a variety of options for warming things up including hot rocks heat pads and ceramic heaters In addition to heat and ordinary lighting most of the lizards sold as pets also need regular exposure to ultra violet light to keep in good health This used to be a big problem for lizard keepers but today there is a good range of specially designed UV lighting tubes and associated equipment readily available to meet this need However it s important to realise that these tubes don t last forever some kinds drop to around a quarter of their as new efficiency in as little as a year so follow the manufacturer s recommendations about when to replace them it could make all the difference to your pets lives Food and Feeding Most lizards are carnivorous and even the vegetarians amongst them like the Green Iguana Iguana iguana are partial to the occasional insect especially when young Typical lizard fodder includes the usual range of mealworms crickets and locusts sold as live food by pet shops but your pets will appreciate some wild caught supplements when available Depending on the size of lizard earthworms slugs garden insects and woodlice will all prove acceptable but avoid catching bugs for them anywhere where pesticides have been used Many lizard keepers dust food items with a good brand of mineral and vitamin supplement Handling Lizards can be handled and some even seem to come to enjoy it but it needs to be done with care On the one hand many kinds have the ability to shed their tails known as autotomy done in the wild to confuse an attacker and offer an easy meal while the lizard itself makes good its escape Be very careful when handling lizards and never grasp the tail a shed tail will re grow eventually but it will never be as good looking as the original On the other hand there is the possibility of injury to you yourself especially with larger species The claws of monitors Varanus sp are sharp and attached to some of the strongest legs in the lizard world while an upset iguana can use its tail in a way that rivals Indiana Jones bullwhip and others like the Tokay Gekko gecko simply settle for giving a really painful bite Handling lizards large or small is a skill that needs to be learnt so find someone experienced who is prepared to show you how In the long run it s likely to be the safest approach for all concerned Choose the kind of lizard you intend to keep wisely meet their feeding housing and general welfare needs properly and you can look forward to enjoying the company of your new pet for years to come Previous Page Next Page You might also like Caring for Cockroaches Caring for Stick Insects and Praying Mantis Caring for Crabs Caring for Snails Caring for Frog Toads Share Your Story Join the Discussion

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-lizards.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Caring for Millipedes and Centipedes
    millipedes are commonly offered for sale usually under descriptive names based on their size colour or land of origin most coming from Southeast Asia Central America or Africa Since many of them grow to 6 inches 15cm or more in length giant millipedes are an impressive addition to your collection if you can meet their modest demands for humidity privacy and a temperature around 27 degrees C 80F A plastic lunchbox with enough small holes drilled to provide adequate ventilation makes an ideal container as will those small tanks with lids on sale in most pet shops as a guide don t go for anything less than twice the adult length of the largest millipede you need to house Your pet may like a piece of bark or a bit of old flowerpot as a place to hide and since most species like to burrow a thick layer of sterilised potting compost on the bottom of the tank will be appreciated A small shallow dish will be enough to meet most species requirements for water One of the easiest ways to keep the tank warm involves the use of a heat mat the sort of thing often sold for home brewing or for gardeners to bring on seeds Placing the tank so that it sits part on and part off the mat will allow a thermal gradient to develop so the millipedes can decide for themselves how warm they want to be and move around the tank until they find things to their liking It s also important to ask your supplier what your particular millipede eats in the wild different kinds eat a wide range of plant matter some being very unfussy while others are more particular in their diet Leaf litter over ripe soft fruit a little lettuce and mushrooms are good stand bys most kinds of millipedes finding something out of that they ll like They also seem to need a relatively large amount of calcium to maintain their outer cuticle so a good source such as powdered cuttlefish should always be on offer Millipedes often breed well in captivity so if you keep a few of the same kind together you could end up producing future generations of your own Centipedes Unlike their fairly ponderous herbivorous cousins centipedes are lightning fast and it s this speed which enables them to capture their prey The housing requirement for centipedes is very similar to that required by millipedes but since they are much more active on an inch for inch basis they need a proportionally larger tank and one with smaller vents if they are not to escape Temperature and the floor material depends on where they come from although for many tropical species the sort of humid conditions millipedes like are ideal for desert dwellers the tank must offer drier sandier conditions Feeding centipedes calls for live food usually crickets which can be bought from most shops stocking exotic pets augmented with any wild caught insect offering

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-millipedes-centipedes.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Caring for Newts
    newts are remarkable escape artists so it s important to make sure that the tank s lid fits tightly Food And Feeding Newts are carnivores and will happily consume a wide range of suitably sized prey Depending on the size of your pets anything from live fish foods such as tubifex or blood worms obtainable from most aquarist shops to a whole range of wild caught animals such as earthworms or insect larvae will keep your newts well fed It s worth remembering that newts can be a little shy and since most are largely nocturnal it s probably best to try to feed them at night and then leaving them alone to dine in peace Although newts are not animals to be handled their skins are sensitive to the heat of human hands they still make fascinating and unusual pets Many of the species commonly sold have striking patterns and crests especially in the breeding season making them particularly interesting and attractive A secretive group of animals they dislike interference but left to their own devices they can often thrive very successfully in captivity making these delicate and undemanding creatures ideal exotic pets Previous Page Next Page You might also like Caring for Cockroaches Caring for Stick Insects and Praying Mantis Caring for Crabs Caring for Snails Caring for Frog Toads Share Your Story Join the Discussion or Seek Advice Add a Comment Hi there So I have a small fire belly newt We had it in a 55 gallon tank with a few angel fish a red tailed shark and a spotted puffer fish We figured since the tank was such a large one he would be okay in there And now he was been attacked with several bite marks on his tail and back two legs I ve removed him from the tank but I m not sure if he should be completely submerged He doesn t seem to want to be in the water at all Jewelly 21 Jul 15 5 38 PM I love newts but I have a studio apartment I am worried that it will upset my neigbours petkeeper 9 Oct 14 7 06 PM I m very sorry to hear about your injured newt What I d do is remove the fish and put him in a temporary tank Then put the newt back in the tank and see what happens If the newt remains un injured or gets harmed again then you will know which animal did it please read the rest for a good course of action for handling the problem animal If it is the other newt I d reccomed permanently seperating him and moving him into a new tank with similar living conditions If it is the fish Put him in a fish tank preferably alone since it appears he is territorial and maybe find a more peaceful fish to tackle your snail problem Best wishes Exotic pet pal Exotic pet pal 2 May 13 9 15 PM

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-newts.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Caring for Salamanders
    enjoy temperatures much above 20 degrees C 68F and there are kinds such as the Pyrenean Brook Salamander Euproctus asper which demand to be kept at 18 degrees C 65F or lower It s important not to underestimate the problems with keeping a tank cool it s much easier to warm one up not least because there s lots of equipment readily available from pet shops designed to do just that Cold water species should be considered very carefully before purchase and only bought if you re sure you can give them the specialist conditions they require Given the wonderful array of less demanding salamanders you ll hardly be spoilt for choice Salamanders need to be moist so you must provide a dish of water for the land living varieties and mist the tank regularly but don t overdo it and make everything too marshy If mould begins to appear or the tank starts to smell sour be prepared to clean it out salamanders are susceptible to infections by both fungus and bacteria so cleanliness is essential Food and Feeding Salamanders are carnivorous and since they are generally attracted to their prey by movement keeping these amphibians means feeding live food The good news is that most species are very open minded when it comes to their diet Depending on their size between shop bought foods like small crickets or meal worms and wild caught items such as earthworms woodlice and slugs you shouldn t have too much difficulty encouraging yours to eat However since most of the world s salamanders are nocturnal it s probably best to feed them at night and ensure that wherever they live gets a period of proper darkness to make sure that they get the chance to reset their biological clocks each day Handling

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-salamanders.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Caring for Snails
    empty container A range of different textures and surfaces will provide them with some stimulus large pieces of cork bark or old broken flower pots also giving them somewhere to hide Keeping Your Snails Healthy Caring for your pets health is helped enormously by getting their basic living conditions right They need to be damp and will appreciate a misting to keep things suitably moist but not so wet that their tank turns into a sour mould ridden swamp In addition tropical species need to be kept warm a temperature around 21 26C 70 78F being ideal for most of the species commonly sold The choice of flooring material is important since it needs to be capable of maintaining the necessary levels of moisture without going sour and be sufficiently cheap and readily available that it can be regularly changed to keep your tank hygienic Many keepers opt for potting compost or sterilised garden soil but not soils that are high in sand or gravel both of which snails seem to dislike A small amount of sphagnum moss mixed in with the soil helps to increase its water holding Giant African land snails in particular will benefit from a generous layer of material on the floor of their tanks perhaps as much as 6 or 8 inches 15 20cm deep as they are burrowers in the wild This habit could be a potential risk if you are supplying the necessary additional warmth via a heat pad under the tank since they will be bringing themselves closer to it as they burrow However making sure that the pad doesn t cover the full floor area should stop this becoming a problem A deep floor covering will also help when the snails get around to breeding giving them an ideal spot to lay their eggs and if you keep a pair together you may safely assume that little snails will be on the cards Proper Feeding As with all pets good feeding in one of the most important factors in caring for your snails welfare Field research has shown that in the wild a large number of many species of giant land snail particularly the Ghana Giant die after egg laying largely due to being malnourished something seldom if ever encountered with well fed snails in captivity When it comes to planning your pets diet variety is definitely the spice of life and most snails will consume vegetables fruits dandelions and the like Many are also partial to rabbit or hamster foods though these are often best soaked in some hot water for a little while and allowed to cool before being offered likewise the harder kinds of root vegetables such as turnip or carrot can be parboiled to be given when cold Whatever you give your animals make sure it s washed first to remove all traces of pesticides or other potentially harmful chemicals A good calcium source is also essential for proper growth especially with the giant species so add

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-snails.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Caring for Spiders & Scorpions
    the spiders and scorpion species offered as exotic pets tend to come from warmer parts of the world and mostly from the tropics so they ll generally need a little extra warmth to stay healthy Heat mats are probably the most popular way to provide it though there are other good options available from outlets that cater for exotic pets including hot rocks and soil warming cables Alternatively placing your container inside a gardener s seed propagator can also be a useful way to provide a little gentle warmth If you opt for a pad try to arrange it so that it doesn t warm all of the tank s base scorpions burrow to make themselves more comfortable when it gets too hot escaping the heat of the sun but the strategy is doomed to fail if the whole container is heated from below Humidity is important for spiders especially tarantulas as they need 50 60 per cent humidity to be able to moult properly so a humidity gauge is an essential piece of equipment for anyone keeping spiders Providing a small water dish for drinking and a little regular misting from a plant sprayer will keep things to their liking and it ll suit the forest type of scorpions too It s obviously a very good plan to buy a new one so you ll be sure it hasn t been used for insecticides All that humidity makes ideal conditions for fungus to grow keep a look out and remove any compost or bark that shows signs of going mouldy Desert dwelling scorpions and any spiders from similar parts of the globe obviously need much drier conditions only occasionally needing a slight misting although they get most of the moisture they need from their food a small dish of water is always a good idea Food And Feeding Both spiders and scorpions are carnivorous predators and will consume surprising quantities of insects Crickets and locusts are ideal many local pet shops stock them but if yours doesn t there are companies which will supply them by mail order Scorpions are probably best fed at night since they are nocturnal and a little secretive in their habits Once you ve added the food it s best to leave them alone in the dark scorpions can often refuse to eat if conditions aren t right so uneaten food can often mean that all is not well Handling Neither spiders nor scorpions are great pets for handling Larger spiders such as the tarantulas can be seriously injured or even killed by quite a small drop and they can flick hairs off their abdomen with their hind legs which can cause skin irritation in people and even the most docile spider may bite or scorpion sting On balance handling is probably best kept to a minimum With so many kinds on offer it s important to do a bit of research on the home habits and lifestyle of the ones you want to

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-spidersscorpions.html (2016-02-16)
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  • Caring for Stick Insects and Praying Mantis
    stick insect Extatosoma tiaratum Whatever you give your pets to eat make sure it s fresh and well washed stick insects are particularly susceptible to pesticides and pollution so it s definitely better to be safe than sorry Feeding Praying Mantis Feeding praying mantis is fairly simple too they are efficient predators of other insects consuming anything they can overpower Suitable food items include fruit flies and pin head crickets for youngsters through to large crickets for adult mantis though both will appreciate any pesticide free wild caught offerings of suitable size Breeding Stick Insects Stick insects lays eggs which depending on the species they deposit on the ground bury or hide in nooks and crannies Many of the larger Australian varieties bury their eggs so they need a deep layer of a suitable flooring material two inches 5cm or so of damp potting compost being ideal For most varieties of stick insect you ll need males and females for breeding though in some species such as the Indian stick insect females will lay unfertilised eggs which then hatch into more females How long the eggs take to hatch varies considerably between the different kinds of stick insects ranging from eight weeks to a year the larger the species generally the longer the incubation time For insects which bury their eggs especially varieties which have a long delay before hatching it s important to ensure they get adequate moisture during this time but equally vital that they don t go mouldy Vigilance is required to spot the first signs of mould so you can clean any affected eggs at once Breeding Praying Mantis Like stick insects the females of some species of mantis can produce young from unfertilised eggs but again for most kinds breeding is rather more conventional Female mantis have acquired a rather gruesome reputation for biting off the heads of their suitors during mating which leads many pet keepers to question the wisdom of trying to breed these extraordinary insects for themselves but it can be done The trick is to make sure that both parties and especially the female have been very well fed prior to their encounter and put them in a large tank so the male has some space to retreat out of harm s way Since mating can sometimes be a slow process for these creatures it s a good idea to have a plentiful supply of food around while the male is in the tank and it s advisable to remove him as soon as mating has finished there s no point in pushing your luck The eggs themselves as many as 300 in some species are contained in an egg case which is usually suspended from a convenient perch above the base of the tank and typically hatch in 3 to 6 months A female usually produces five or six egg cases from a single mating and the young may all hatch at the same time or in batches over a

    Original URL path: http://www.keepingexoticpets.co.uk/caring-for-stick-insects-praying-mantis.html (2016-02-16)
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