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  • Manure - check provenance before buying
    poor quality seed unfavorable weather conditions insect pests disease or virus If the manure is the presumed cause of poor growth then that might be because of a number of factors such as Too much manure Green manure which typically contains a high component of cellulose that tends to draw in valuable soil nutrients to aid its breakdown process Presence of herbicides which have previously been applied to either grassing grass or to silage or hay that has subsequently been consumed by livestock Herbicide damage to some sensitive crops has previously been reported in the UK and it is possible the manure used came from farm animals or horses fed pasture or conserved forage from grassland previously treated with a herbicide containing the active ingredient aminopyralid These products were sold in the UK between 2006 and 2008 and were known as Forefront Pharaoh and Banish Some resulting manure was unfortunately supplied to a few gardeners and allotment holders and this could have caused damage to some sensitive crops These products have been subsequently withdrawn and then re introduced in 2010 with an amended and more directive label alongside an education program for farmers on its use so as to mitigate against this happening again Some key questions Is aminopyralid dangerous No The Chemicals Regulation Directorate CRD the Government agency responsible for the approval of pesticides in the UK concludes that there are no ill effects to human or animal health from food grown from land that may contain aminopyralid residues Weed killers or killer weeds Aminopyralid based herbicides were developed to help grassland farmers control and eliminate a number of troublesome and potentially dangerous perennial broad leaved weeds from their fields Although some people are worried about the use of herbicides the weeds they eliminate are also a concern According to the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs DEFRA the Weeds Act of 1959 mandates the control of five injurious weeds that threaten grassland health Common Ragwort Spear Thistle Creeping or Field Thistle Broad leaved Dock Curled Dock Of these five weeds ragwort and dock also pose a potential threat to livestock especially horses as do buttercups Aminopyralid provides very effective control of docks buttercups and thistles What is the chance that I have bought or supplied manure affected by aminopyralid Slim Of the 12 million hectares of grassland in the UK only 5 is treated with herbicide each year Of that small percentage less than one third of that area would receive a treatment containing aminopyralid The label on products containing aminopyralid such as Forefront T state that it can only be used on grazing grassland and that grassland must be grazed by cattle and sheep only If manure is inadvertently produced and collated from its use then any resulting manure must stay on the farm of origin A few incidents of garden or allotment crop damage were reported in 2008 and 2009 to which Dow AgroSciences and the CRD responded immediately If you think you may have

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/ (2016-02-18)
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  • Aminopyralid re-introduction information
    AgroSciences herbicide aminopyralid has been re instated by ministers on the recommendation of the Advisory Committee on Pesticides The move lifts a voluntary suspension of approval for sales and use which the company sought in July 2008 after sensitive crops on some allotments and gardens were affected by manure containing traces of the herbicide Aminopyralid is a highly effective weedkiller for professional users It is valued by farmers seeking to control pernicious and poisonous weeds such as ragwort thistles and docks in pasture In specific formulations it also has the potential to control invasive weeds such as Japanese knotweed in amenity areas and industrial sites Since sales and use were suspended farmers have campaigned for the product s return because of the high levels of long lasting weed control aminopyralid based products offer Those who have used the product since its launch in 2006 saw improved pasture and enjoyed increased output from their fields compared with that offered by other products on sale to control weeds in grassland Dow AgroSciences however has always insisted that it would not seek to re introduce aminopyralid before ways were found that minimised the risk of any repeat of the unfortunate incidents of 2008 and 2009 Forefront T containing the active ingredient aminopyralid has been re introduced with new recommendations and a stringent stewardship programme devised to prevent both the inadvertent movement of manure from farms and its safe disposal on farm to avoid damage to sensitive crops and habitats such as flower rich meadows Key to this is the requirement that products containing aminopyralid are only applied to agricultural grassland that will be grazed by cattle or sheep not land where forage will be cut for hay or silage This requirement aims to ensure manure generated from treated grassland remains on the pasture

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/approvals.htm (2016-02-18)
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  • Gardeners and Allotment Holders
    as conserved feed such as hay or silage a small amount passes out with the resulting manure Aminopyralid poses no health risk to any animal that eats treated grass but there is enough active ingredient in the manure to cause a problem for plants that are sensitive to it such as potatoes and legumes You can test manure see instructions on right for aminopyralid residue If you believe you have manure containing aminopyralid please contact us Is aminopyralid harmful to me No Studies conducted by the CRD concluded that the levels of aminopyralid found in crops will not have any implications for human health including the health of pregnant women and their babies However the fruits of sensitive plants that have been affected by aminopyralid residues might not have the quality you ll want for serving at your table It is best to dispose of affected plants by incorporating them into the soil or via approved waste disposal methods Will all my plants be affected No Vegetables and ornamentals such as the following are susceptible to aminopyralid residues Potatoes Peas beans and other legumes Carrots and other umbelliferae Tomatoes Lettuce spinach and other compositae Dahlias Some species of roses If you have planted any of these susceptible crops but only some of them are affected it is unlikely that aminopyralid is to blame for the damaged crops Why is aminopyralid in the manure I use It shouldn t be Product labelling contains warnings and instructions about the use of aminopyralid If carefully followed these instructions should prevent residues from ever reaching your garden Previously and prior to the re introduction of Forefront T there have been some instances of animal manure generated from pasture or forage previously treated with aminopyralid containing herbicides being supplied to gardeners or allotment growers When is affected manure ok to use Aminopyralid decomposes with the help of micro organisms found in soil Manure that has been well rotovated into the soil and turned over regularly is safe to use on all but the most sensitive plants after 6 months Properly incorporated manure is considered aminopyralid free after one year Composting after you harvest in the fall should allow enough time for any aminopyralid present in the manure to break down as long as you keep the soil well rotovated or turned over frequently However you might wish to use suspect manure only in those areas of the garden or plot that will not be used for growing susceptible plants Where can I get more information Link to the following sites for more information about the effects of aminopyralid Royal Horticultural Society http apps rhs org uk advicesearch profile aspx pid 477 Local Council Directory for manure disposal http www direct gov uk en Dl1 Directories Localcouncils index htm Chemicals Regulation Directorate http www pesticides gov uk garden asp id 2480 Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs https www gov uk government publications guidance on the methods that can be used to control harmful weeds

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/gardening.htm (2016-02-18)
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  • Horse Owners and Equestrian Business Managers
    the active The manure would then typically be picked and piled up and on occasion supplied to gardens and allotments in a number of areas of the UK This then led to instances of alleged damage to sensitive crops that were being grown Horse and pony manure is more favored by gardeners and allotment holders and the practice of poo picking meant this route was the most likely one to cause problems than manure or slurry from other livestock kept on farms Here are some facts about aminopyralid for horse owners and those in charge of equestrian enterprises such as livery yards racing stables and riding schools What is aminopyralid Aminopyralid is the active ingredient in the herbicide Forefront T This herbicide is the most effective product for lasting control and elimination of many deep rooted perennial weeds found in grassland including docks thistles buttercup dandelions nettles and ragwort It is completely safe to grass but will kill clover It is then a product much favoured by grassland farmers who have severe weed infestations Is aminopyralid harmful to my horse No The Chemicals Regulation Directorate has determined that when used correctly aminopyralid poses no harm to horses or other animals How long does it take for aminopyralid to break down Micro organisms in well aerated soil break aminopyralid down over a period of time If manure that contains aminopyralid is incorporated into soil and turned over frequently the chance of any adverse effects on sensitive crops subsequently grown in that soil diminishes significantly after six months Treated paddocks and grasslands are considered aminopyralid free after 12 months What should I do with affected stable waste If you think you might have manure where some aminopyralid may be present then contact us for further advice You can test manure for aminopyralid residues see instructions on right Affected manure must not be given or sold on to gardeners or allotment holders as it will affect any sensitive crops that they subsequently grow in soil it has been incorporated into One safe option is to supply it to a farmer for him to apply on his grazing grass DO NOT sell or make available any manure to any third party in this instance This will ensure that affected manure does not end up in gardens or allotments Where can I get more information Link to the following sites for more information about the use and effects of aminopyralid Dow AgroSciences Forefront T labels and leaflets http www dowagro com uk products prod forefront t htm Chemicals Regulation Directorate http www pesticides gov uk garden asp id 2480 Be informed Ask your hay or forage supplier if their product came from a farm or grassland where herbicide products Forefront Pharaoh or Banish were used If you are aware you can take the necessary precautions to prevent affected manure from reaching gardens and allotments Test manure before using it at home Thoroughly mix 1 part manure with 1 part multi purpose compost in a clean

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/equine_health.htm (2016-02-18)
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  • Farmers and Contractors
    conserved forage from grassland treated with products which contain small amounts of aminopyralid What is aminopyralid Aminopyralid is the active ingredient in grassland herbicides such as Forefront Pharaoh and Banish Since coming onto the market in 2006 aminopyralid based products have proved extremely effective in controlling troublesome and injurious perennial weeds in grassland such as docks ragwort and thistles Problems have occurred where manure from animals that have eaten treated forage was applied to ground which was subsequently planted with sensitive crops such as potatoes and legumes How can I safely and effectively use aminopyralid Simply follow all label and safety instructions as well as sound agricultural practices The following instructions and warnings appear on the Forefront label and product information leaflet Optimal spraying times Only one application of Forefront is allowed per year Therefore consider which weeds are the most important to be controlled The optimal time of control is the rosette growth stage This occurs at different times depending upon the target weed Spray Chart from Forefront label Two to three weeks after cutting or topping the main weeds will recover and be at the rosette stage at roughly the same time Treating post cutting sometimes produces better results in mixed weed situations But bear in mind that at this time of the year weeds will quickly grow past the rosette stage Following crops Do not plant potatoes sugar beet peas beans or other leguminous crops in the next calendar year following an application of Forefront Pharaoh or Banish Follow good agricultural practice and ensure that grass plant remains have completely decayed before planting susceptible crops If an application is followed by dry weather conditions particularly on sandy soil consult Dow AgroSciences for specific following crop advice Neighbouring crops plants Avoid damage by drift onto susceptible crops non target plants or waterways Do not apply directly to or allow spray drift to come into contact with agricultural or horticultural crops amenity plantings gardens ponds lakes or watercourses What should I do if I treated grassland with aminopyralid in 2008 The current advice from Dow AgroSciences is to only spread muck and slurry from treated grass onto pasture or land intended for growing pure grass mixtures ie no clover cereals and maize If you have produced hay haylage or silage from this treated grassland it must stay on the farm of origin and any manure subsequently produced must be returned back to grazing grassland only From 2010 aminopyralid must only be used on grazing grassland and must not be used on grassland destined for make hay or silage What should I do if I grow any of the sensitive crops Arable farmers intending to plant potatoes peas or beans should check that aminopyralid has not been used on the land in the previous year Where manure is to be used as a fertiliser with any of these crops it is important to establish that it does not come from cattle fed on forage from treated pasture Where can I

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/grass_farming.htm (2016-02-18)
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  • Agri-Environment Scheme - Grassland Wildlife Site
    get more information Manure and Compost Suppliers What is aminopyralid Can we accept manure from treated paddocks How can we tell if there is any aminopyralid in the manure Does aminopyralid break down in rotting manure Where can I get more information FAQs Safety and Approval Human and Animal Health Affected Plants Affected Manure Home Agri Environment Scheme Agreement Holders and Managers Owners of Grassland Wildlife Sites Manure and dung and urine from animals fed on aminopyralid treated silage or hay could pose a risk to flower rich meadows and pastures Aminopyralid is effective against plant species in the daisy buttercup pinks nettle and knotweed families and is known to affect nightshade and pea family species including clovers As a consequence the potential risk to non target wild flowers may be widespread The scale of the risk is difficult to assess and is dependent on many factors and whilst there have been no reported incidents of damage to flower rich grasslands the safest option is to prevent any exposure by following the guidance provided below Manure containing residues of aminopyralid will come from either stockpiled manure from 2008 from animals fed on aminopyralid treated silage or hay or manure from 2009 from animals fed on stored hay or silage treated with aminopyralid in 2007 or 2008 If manure is bought in it is essential to check its provenance before it is spread on flower rich grassland Manure believed to be contaminated should not be spread onto any flower rich meadows or pastures particularly those designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest SSSI or under any management where the aim is to maintain or enhance the diversity of wildflowers as it may potentially cause damage to wildflowers present If it is determined that some manure is contaminated this should be spread

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/environment_scheme.htm (2016-02-18)
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  • Hay and Forage Merchants
    the inadvertent use of manure containing aminopyralid has led to a small number of incidents involving alleged damage to sensitive crops being reported on allotments and gardens in the UK The manure possibly came from farm animals or horses that had eaten pasture or conserved forage from grassland treated with a herbicide which contains a small amount of aminopyralid Here are some facts about aminopyralid for anyone selling hay and forage to horse owners or livestock farmers What is aminopyralid Aminopyralid is the active ingredient in products such as Forefront Pharaoh and Banish These herbicides are among the most effective for controlling and eliminating many deep rooted perennial weeds found in grassland including docks thistles nettles and ragwort Ragwort control is especially important to equine sheep and cattle farmers as it can be deadly if eaten by their livestock When grassland is sprayed with aminopyralid it kills the target weeds but does not affect the grass However when this grass is eaten by animals either out in the field or as conserved feed such as hay haylage or silage a small amount passes out with the resulting manure How does this affect me You must find out whether your suppliers have treated their grassland with an aminopyralid based herbicide before cutting it for conserved forage If they did you must tell your customers about the restrictions for any subsequent manure produced from the animals that eat the treated forage It is advisable to keep treated and untreated forage separate From 2010 aminopyralid must only be used on grazing grassland No hay or silage is permitted to be made from any treated grassland Where can I get more information Link to the following sites for more information about the use and effects of aminopyralid Chemicals Regulation Directorate http www pesticides gov

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/hay_sales.htm (2016-02-18)
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  • Manure and Compost Suppliers
    it can be deadly if eaten by horses When grassland is sprayed with aminopyralid it kills target weeds but does not affect the grass However when this grass is eaten by animals either out in the field or as conserved feed such as hay haylage or silage a small amount passes out with the resulting manure Can we accept manure from treated paddocks Twelve months after application of aminopyralid the grassland can be considered aminopyralid free and grass can be used for grazing or conservation with no restrictions Manure with suspected aminopyralid residue can only be used on grassland grazed by cattle or sheep The aminopyralid residue in manure will not start to break down in manure heaps until such time as the manure is applied to grassland or incorporated into soil The areas to which this manure is applied cannot be considered aminopyralid free until the following year DO NOT under any circumstance supply this manure to 3rd parties and in particular not to gardeners or allotment holders How can we tell if there is any aminopyralid in the manure Dow AgroSciences has developed a test to check whether manure or compost contains residues of aminopyralid See What can I do in the panel on the right Manure samples can also be sent for laboratory analysis If you are selling manure that is known to contain aminopyralid you must inform your customers and warn them not to apply it to ground in which sensitive crops will subsequently be grown Does aminopyralid break down in rotting manure Not if the manure is stacked However micro organisms in well aerated soil will break aminopyralid down over a period of time If the manure is incorporated into the soil and turned over frequently the chance of any adverse effects on sensitive crops

    Original URL path: http://www.manurematters.co.uk/manure_sourcing.htm (2016-02-18)
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