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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | Castles
    David Bryce Read more Aros Castle One of the earliest is Aros Castle probably 13th C which had a commanding view over the central part of the Sound of Mull and was also in sight of Ardtornish Castle on Morvern which is contemporary with Aros Castle Read more Moy Castle Lochbuie The main first floor has an impressive barrel vaulted chamber which probably served as the main hall in the

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/daily-life/castles-fortifications/castles/ (2016-02-17)
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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | Moy Castle, Lochbuie
    north and east walls It is a three storey tower with a garret The two main chambers on the ground and first floors have cross barrel vaulted roofs a unique feature of Moy The vaulting on the first floor runs in the opposite direction from that of the ground floor In the centre of the ground floor there is a well with a depth of 1 8 m The well is cut into the solid rock but always has fresh water in it and is at a level much above the outside ground level There is currently no knowledge of the means of water supply to this well The main first floor has an impressive barrel vaulted chamber which probably served as the main hall in the original arrangement At the north east end of the hall there appears to be a raised platform or dais The hall is served by two original mural chambers in the diagonally opposed east and west corners There is a garderobe and latrine chute still visible on the south west wall Near the angle formed by the limbs of the chamber is a hatch providing the only access to a well constructed pit prison or bottle dungeon 3 3 m in depth and 1 2 m square at the base with tapering side walls and corbelled at the neck Spiral stone stairs and a short lintelled passage lead from the stairs to a long narrow apartment formed within the thickness of the south east wall This was perhaps intended as a bed chamber though some historians claim it was used to hold the dead during funeral obsequies The second level rooms are reached through a fine original doorway with pointed arched head composed of four voussoirs the wedge shaped or tapered stones used to

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/daily-life/castles-fortifications/castles/moy-castle-lochbuie-2/ (2016-02-17)
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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | Macquarie’s Mausoleum
    cousin It is a plain gable ended structure of sandstone ashlar with buttressed side walls and a stone slabbed roof The doorways are elegantly shaped with decorative finials and this likens the structure to a miniature chapel There are two entrances one in each gable wall which are sealed with marble panels The one in the north end bears a contemporary inscription commemorating Major General Lachlan Macquarie of Jarvisfield and his second wife Elisabeth daughter of John Campbell of Airds who died in 1835 The one in the south wall records Macquarie s achievements as Governor of New South Wales Australia He is remembered as the Father of Australia Macquarie was born in 1761 on Ulva of farming parents He joined the army eventually became a Major General and was Governor General of New South Wales between 1809 and 1820 While he was in Australia he opened up the whole of the eastern seaboard where many place names derive from his family and from Mull Helped by his wife he brought a new humanity into the convict settlements It is even reported that desperate people would commit minor crimes so as to be transported to a new and better life in New South Wales Unfortunately Macquarie had influential political enemies both in London and Australia who were jealous of his achievements and opposed his advancement As a result he was Governor General for only eleven years He founded the village of Salen in 1808 For more information see Marsden F Lachlan Macquarie from Mull to Australia 2001 Whittaker et al Altera Merces The Burial Grounds of Pennygown Gruline Knock Cill an Alein in North Mull 2003 Also regarding the Macquarie family see Currie J Mull the island and its people 2000 Grid reference NM 549 398 Burial Grounds Church History

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/churches/churches-2/macquaries-mausoleum/ (2016-02-17)
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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | Events this year
    would have drowned out Ceri s talk At the eleventh hour we made a fast move to An Roth so Moray Finch deserves a big thank you for being so accommodating It s a good venue for a talk and the kitchen facilities are good too As many of us have not yet visited Seil Island we will make Seil the destination for this year s summer Mainland Outing on Friday July 4th There are lots of things to see and do on Seil Island and we hope to make this visit full of interest and new discoveries Go to this page to see the programme for 2014 Well as is often the case things changed Our mainland outing took us to Bon Awe Iron Furnace Glenorchy Parish Church Dalmally St Conan s Kirk and we ended up at Brander Lodge for tea and scones and a chance to dry out a bit as the day had been very wet The AGM followed our new format when we made it a day out as well This year we went to Iona where we had a guided tour from one of the volunteers who was word perfect in spite of this being her first tour of the year around the Abbey We went to have a look at the very impressive new exhibition which was all that Peter Yeoman of Historic Scotland had promised when he gave the MacKichan Lecture at Duart Castle last year The weather was fine but cold so everyone was glad to stop for tea and delicious scones at the Columba Hotel where we also held a brief AGM Another speaker inspired outing took place in May when a small but select band of members visited the Kilpatrick area with John Clare I had to bow out

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/events-this-year/ (2016-02-17)
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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | Annual Joint Meeting
    of mind for Mike s talk Mike has been involved with the Slate Islands Trust for many years and what he doesn t know about the history of Seil and Luing is not worth knowing His starting point was some 3 thousand years BCE Before the Common Era with a detailed discussion of how people moved around the Inner Hebrides sea being the better option for travel thus setting off

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/annual-joint-meeting/ (2016-02-17)
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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | The Stone Age
    last glacial period was at its coldest 22 18 thousand years ago and ended 10 thousand years ago with a thaw that raised sea levels by 91 m This thaw separated the Hebridean Islands cut off Britain from mainland Europe and marked the transition between the Paleolithic and the Mesolithic Retreating ice sheets and glaciers left a landscape of rocks boulders gravel sand and lochs but no soil Over hundreds of years soils developed by natural processes such as water action frost and chemical reactions Plants could then colonise the land first herbs and shrubs such as sedges birch dwarf willow and juniper then denser woodland of birch hazel and oak With the trees came animals and finally around 8 000 BCE people The Mesolithic people were modern humans Homo sapiens hunter gatherer fishers They moved from camp to camp with the seasons living off the land and sea dwelling in tents and travelling by canoe or coracle Their tools were distinct from the minimally and crudely chipped stones of the Paleolithic Mesolithic tools were constructed from microliths the small chips removed from the cores of flint bloodstone or quartz and mounted using natural resins and beeswax into bone or wooden handles Wood bone antler and hide are not preserved well in the archaeological record so the microliths and refuse middens are the main clues to Mesolithic habitation Several Mesolithic sites have been identified in the north of Mull and on Ulva Two Mesolithic middens were excavated in Ulva cave NM 431 384 in the early 1990s dated at around 6 500 and 6 000 BCE They contained over twenty different types of mollusc shells Professor Steven Mithen and his team from Reading University have excavated several sites on Mull Mesolithic microliths have been found at Creat Dubh near Dervaig

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/history/the-stone-age/ (2016-02-17)
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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | The Bronze Age
    bronze copper alloyed with tin However Scotland was not rich in either copper or tin ores so trade would have been necessary to obtain bronze or bronze items A copper blade was found at Salen and a bronze blade at Callachally and axes were found at Gribun and Quinish The general economy appears much like that of the Neolithic but a new type of pottery was manufactured Beaker ware examples

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/history/the-bronze-age/ (2016-02-17)
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  • Mull Historical & Archaeological Society | The Iron Age
    elite and more functional than just ceremonial Towards the end of the Bronze age and in the early Iron Age the climate worsened in Britain becoming colder and wetter This made some land unsuitable for farming and may have put pressure on land ownership Living conditions changed too most people living in undefended timber wattle thatched houses typically communal round houses but beginning to build defensive duns forts or brochs

    Original URL path: http://www.mull-historical-society.co.uk/history/the-iron-age/ (2016-02-17)
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web-archive-uk.com, 2016-10-27