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    problems Rabies vaccine Cats are not routinely vaccinated against rabies in the UK because we do not have the disease in this country however the vaccine is given to cats being exported Rabies is an extremely serious disease and a potential zoonosis it can be transmitted to humans so it is important to protect animals visiting parts of the world where it is present in the wildlife including mainland Europe All of these vaccines are administered to cats by injection Different vaccine products have slightly different contents and may have different dosing instructions Your veterinarian will advise you about the most appropriate vaccine for your cat when they can be started and how frequently boosters should be given Safety there are few risks associated with vaccination in healthy cats Occasionally they may be quiet lethargic and off their food for a day or two and sometimes they get an increase in body temperature Swelling of the face and weals on the body with itchiness occur very occasionally and a small number of cats might vomit In the past vaccines have been linked to the occurrence of a tumour at the injection site but this is very rare and it is not proven that there is a direct link as tumours can occur at the injection sites in cats that have never had a vaccine Studies are on going to determine why it occurs and to minimise any risks Cat Vaccines licensed in the UK Below is a list of all Feline vaccines licensed for use in the UK Correct as at 1 st October 2013 Not all brands may be available depending upon marketing decisions by the various marketing license holders Also the content of individual vaccines may change so you are advised to check the current details for these

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Petfacts/healthtips/catvaccines.htm (2016-02-08)
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    answer is YES catching small mammals and rodents in particular does present a potential health risk for domestic cats Rodents mice and rats carry several diseases which can be transmitted to cats and even to humans Two of the most common diseases transmitted from rodents to cats are Tapeworms eg Taenia Diplopylidium Echinococcus Hymenolepis and Spirometra These worms can live in the intestine of cats without causing any signs of disease although very heavy worm burdens cause weight loss abdominal distension and discomfort The type of worms carried by rodents varies in different geographical regions of the world They can be diagnosed by finding worm eggs or segments in the cats faeces or when tapeworm segments or whole worms are passed out per rectum Tapeworm segments often appear like contracting rice grains attached to the hair around the anus and tail base Some of these tapeworms can be transmitted to humans so they present a human health risk as well Leptospirosis this bacterial infection is common in rodent populations and blood tests show that many cats have been exposed to leptospires however very few cats develop clinical signs so cats are naturally resistant to this disease On the other hand leptospirosis is an extremely serious infection for other species such as dogs and humans and it can cause kidney or liver disease So whilst catching prey does not present a serious health risk for the cats themselves it can be a serious risk for other members of the family including humans and pets which are susceptible to the infections eg dogs In conclusion catching and eating rodents does present a health risk to cats but they are quite resistant to most of the infections they may contract and they may not show any signs of disease even if they do

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Petfacts/healthtips/catsrodents.htm (2016-02-08)
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    a household there is a natural recipe for fighting Sometimes this can take the form of a cat becoming aggressive towards a dog There are two basic instincts that apply when pets are mixed in a family environment 1 Establishment of a pecking order in other words which individuals are higher than others in the pack or family Pack dominance is more typical of dog behaviour than cat behaviour but of course cats are highly independent and will defend themselves if another animal tries to dominate them 2 Cats like to establish and dominate their geographical territory Once they have decided the borders to their territory cats will naturally want to dominate all other animals found within those borders including dogs if they happen to share the family home When a new cat is introduced into a home that already has a cat they will often fight a lot and actually may both believe that they dominate the territory resulting in a permanent tolerance but dislike for each other with sporadic bouts of fighting Fighting at other times may be due to changing circumstances such as a female becoming aggressive when nursing a litter of puppies kittens Unfortunately aggression between

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Petfacts/healthtips/catsfightdogs.htm (2016-02-08)
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    because they can not deactivate them rapidly in the body Signs of toxicity are quite dramatic Excessive salivation Depression Ear flicking cats Paw shaking cats Vomiting or retching Difficulty breathing dyspnoea due to bronchospasm Muscle twitches cats and tremors Fits seizures rare Fall in body temperature OR an increase in body temperature Loss of co ordination ataxia There is no specific antidote but fortunately most pets do not develop severe

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Petfacts/healthtips/pyrethrin.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION - Excessive Grooming in Cats
    helpful to maintain good clean hair coat but grooming serves several purposes in cats Removes dead hairs Removes scurf and other debris collected in the coat Cats lose body heat by licking leaving saliva on their hair and skin which then evaporates producing a cooling effect Grooming can be a displacement behaviour in cats that is when a cat is confused or frightened it may stop what it is doing and start grooming vigorously Owners often notice this when a cat has had an encounter with a dominant aggressive neighbourhood cat or when a cat has been frightened by loud noises such as fireworks or thunder claps Excessive grooming might be present for a variety of reasons If the skin is itchy or irritable eg if the cat has fleas a skin allergy or other form of skin disease If the cat is being dominated by a neighbours cat or it has been frightened by something else If the cat is too hot and is trying to lose body heat If the cat has foreign material on its coat it will groom itself vigorously to remove it Increased grooming is not really a problem unless the cat develops excessive hair

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Petfacts/healthtips/groomingexcesscats.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION - Feline Infectious Peritonitis
    basic forms of disease are described and these have different signs associated with them Effusive FIP Abdominal swelling due to free fluid in the abdominal cavity called ascites Weight loss Hard firm masses can be felt in the abdomen Slight increase body temperature If free chest fluid as well get dyspnoea tachypnoea muffled heart sounds on auscultation pale mucous membranes May have jaundice Cat may be dull Cat may be off it s food Non effusive FIP Weight loss Increased body temperature Cat may be dull Cat may be off it s food Some cats have iritis iris colour changes to brown or to green from blue The retina is involved in some cases cuffing of the retinal vessels appearing as fuzzy grey lines alongside the blood vessels About 12 of cats have neurological signs including ataxia lameness paresis tremors hyperaesthesia behavioural changes nystagmus blindness cranial nerve deficits and seizures 75 of cats with neurological signs have hydrocephalus which can be identified on CT scan Two other forms of disease occur occasionally Intestinal FIP Lesions granulomas occur in the intestine or colon feel thickened on examination Signs include constipation diarrhoea or vomiting Post natal Death FIP can cause death in 7 8 week old kittens This occurs presumably when they produce antibodies to infection that they contracted soon after birth or in utero Complications Cats can carry the virus for many months or years before the disease develops Diagnosis There is no single test for FIP Ideally intestinal or other tissue samples are needed to confirm the presence of the virus by immunofluorescence techniques Non specific laboratory findings in FIP include Serum albumin globulin ratio decreases because globulin concentrations increase Total serum protein is high There is a neutrophilia with a shift to the left Non regenerative anaemia in some

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/fip.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION - Feline Spongiform Encephalopathy
    a search for similar diseases in other species A similar disease FSE was discovered in cats Like BSE and other scrapie like infections scrapie affects sheep the disease can take many years to develop Cause Th e cause of FSE is an infectious agent called a prion and prion protein accumulates in the brain tissue as a substance called amyloid It is probable though not proven that affected cats contract the disease by eating contaminated bovine meat Breed Occurrence There is no breed predisposition The disease appears in adult cats with most appearing at about 5 years of age Signs Th e signs of FSE progress over a long period months to years depend upon the site of brain involvement and include Behavioural changes An abnormal gait Death Complications The disease needs to be differentiated from other causes of brain disease which may respond to treatment Diagnosis Unfortunately a specific diagnosis can only be confirmed at post mortem Suspicious cases based upon clinical signs should always be submitted for examination Typical pathological changes include Bilaterally symmetrical vacuolation of the neuropil Vacuolation in neurones These lesions are most often found in the following areas of the brain Basal ganglia Cerebral cortex

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Petfacts/healthtips/fse2.htm (2016-02-08)
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    The cause of gingivitis is not known On histological examination the tissue usually has immune cell infiltrates especially lymphocytes and plasmacytes so it is thought to be an immune related disease Various micro organisms may be cultured from the mouths of cats with gingivitis including calicivirus and anaerobic bacteria but their role in the disease if any is unknown Blood samples often contain antibodies to bacteria again suggesting that infections may be important in the cause of gingivitis Gingivitis can occur in any cat but it most commonly affects young and middle aged cats and no specific breeds are affected although Abyssinian and Somali breeds are reported to have a higher incidence of mild gingivitis called red gum by breeders than other cats Gingivitis is painful may cause inappetance and because it can be so sensitive the cats jaw may chatter when the nerves are stimulated such as during eating Sometimes the gingivitis is associated with erosion of the teeth roots called neck lesions as well There is no satisfactory treatment for gingivitis in cats Descaling to remove tartar build up and removal of badly eroded teeth is helpful but the gingivitis will often recur Antibiotics and anti inflammatory or

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Petfacts/healthtips/gingivitiscats.htm (2016-02-08)
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