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    drop of fresh faeces on a slide and examine microscopically under a coverslip x10 magnification Undigested fat appears as large red orange coloured globules Normal dogs 3 droplets low power field Indirect test measures split fats e g fatty acids Add 2 3 drops of 36 glacial acetic acid to the edge of the coverslip after performing the Direct test above Once mixed with the stained faeces gently warm the slide until it bubbles then examine whilst still warm Free fatty acids form droplets large enough to see Normal dogs 3 droplets low power field In malabsorption there is usually a positive Indirect test and a positive Direct test In one study in dogs with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency excessive faecal fat was detected in 86 of cases whereas only 43 of the dogs had obvious steatorrhoea when the faeces were examined visually Quantitative Test This test is the most accurate for fat malabsorption and is sensitive for small intestine disease A standard diet is fed for 72 hours All faeces is collected over a 72 hour period and refrigerated A representative sample is taken and analysed for fat using the van de Kramer technique Normal dogs 90 95 fat should

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diagnostics/faecfat.htm (2016-02-08)
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    have been under treatment with diuretics sulphonamides chloramphenicol or pancreatic abstracts within 5 days of the test due to interference It is also not applicable in dogs with impaired renal function 0 25ml 16 7mg Kg body weight of the patient of BT PABA is given by stomach tube to a patient that has been starved for 18 hours followed by 25 100ml water After 6 hours confinement urine is

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diagnostics/pabatest.htm (2016-02-08)
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    10 25 solution is introduced directly into the stomach by gastric intubation e g via a nasogastric tube Blood samples are taken from the patient before the xylose is given and at hourly intervals afterwards for 5 hours The concentration of D Xylose in the blood samples is determined by standard laboratory techniques Results Normal dogs After 1 hour the mean concentration is 63mg dl 12 Plasma concentrations above 50mg

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diagnostics/xylose.htm (2016-02-08)
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    eating Method Expired air is collected into a sealed plastic container by application of an anaesthetic mask to the face or in the case of cats and smaller dogs by confining the animal to a sealed Perspex box with an air supply and air outlet for collection Serial collections of expired air are taken at regular intervals following a meal and air analysis is performed using standard techniques Results Typical

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diagnostics/breath.htm (2016-02-08)
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    You should seek the advice of your veterinarian if your pet is ill as only he or she can correctly advise on the diagnosis and recommend the treatment that is most appropriate for your pet Description Diets containing 60 fat have been reported to cause acute pancreatitis hepatic lipidosis High fat high protein diets fed to humans and dogs cause an increase in pancreatic enzyme synthesis and storage and results

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/nutrition-highfat.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION - Risk Factors for Pancreatitis
    therapy for a patient For pancreatitis the following risk factors have been identified and the presence of more than one should alert the clinician to avoid exposing the animal to another For example the use of corticosteroids in an old castrated obese miniature schnauzer with intervertebral disk disease should probably be avoided and an alternative therapeutic agent should be sought Risk factors include Advancing age Breed Dogs Briard Miniature Schnauzer

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/pancreatitisrisks.htm (2016-02-08)
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    during both these phases of the respiratory cycle Dyspnoea is different to tachypnoea which is an increase in respiratory rate orthopnoea in which an animal adopts an unusual position usually with the neck extended to help it breath or hyperpnoea in which the animal takes deeper breaths Causes Common causes of dyspnoea in animals are Airway obstruction Lung disease Fluid in the chest The likely cause of dyspnoea can be

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/signs/dyspnoea.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION - Tachypnoea (sometimes called Polypnoea)
    Tachypnoea means increased respiratory rate It does not mean panting which is a normal physiological mechanism to lose heat in dogs or hyperpnoea which is increased depth of breathing Last updated October 2013 Copyright c 1999 2013 Provet All rights

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/signs/tachypnoea.htm (2016-02-08)
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web-archive-uk.com, 2016-10-28