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  • PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION - Feeding in Pancreatitis
    has been shown to be beneficial in humans and cats with pancreatitis In one publication Williams D A Veterinary Clinics of North America March 1999 it is recommended that in cats with pancreatitis Vomiting cats should be given no food by mouth for 2 3 days then small volumes of a highly digestible carbohydrate rich low fat ration Under such conditions parenteral nutrition should be considered through the early stages

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/pancreatitisfeeding.htm (2016-02-08)
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    it The result is an increase in urine production and because the animal is effectively losing water from it s body it needs to compensate and so it develops an increase in thirst If your pet develops an increased thirst one of the disorders that your veterinarian will probably screen for is diabetes Blood tests and urine tests will help to confirm the diagnosis Because the glucose in the blood can not get into the tissues that use it for energy eg the brain these tissues can t function properly The animal eats more food called polyphagia in a vain attempt to increase glucose supply to it s tissues even though there is plenty already in the bloodstream In advanced diabetes complicated by the presence of ketoacidosis the following signs might also be present Depression Inappetance anorexia Vomiting diarrhoea Tachypnoea Jaundice especially in cats Oliguria or anuria in later stages Coma Complications Liver involvement is secondary to the diabetic state Diagnosis Diabetes mellitus is confirmed by diagnostic tests and diabetes must be differentiated from other causes of polydipsia and polyuria including Diabetes insipidus Fanconi syndrome Hyperadrenocorticism Liver failure Psychogenic polydipsia Pyometra Stress glycosuria especially cats Renal disease Blood tests Normal blood glucose reference range for dogs is 3 5 6 1 mmol l 63 1 109 9 mg dl In diabetes mellitus fasting blood glucose concentrations exceed 8 5mmol l for at least 8 hours after a meal NB Cats get stress induced hyperglycaemia in which blood concentrations may reach 8 5 12 5mmol l and this should not be confused for diabetes Glucose tolerance test used to determine if a mild hyperglycaemia is significant or not 1g glucose kg body weight is given intravenously as a 40 50 solution over 30 seconds Whole blood samples are collected into fluoride oxalate tubes before and after collection and at regular intervals In diabetic dogs the blood glucose concentrations fall much slower than they do in normal dogs Fructosamine and glycosylated haemoglobin are glycolated proteins that act as markers of mean glucose GHb is not affected by stress so is especially useful in cats or post prandial hyperglycaemia and gives an indication of glucose concentrations over the previous 2 3 months This test can be affected by anaemia or polycythaemia NB erythrocytes survive 68 cats 110 days dogs so changes in GHb will not occur quickly Fructosamine gives an indication of glucose levels over a 2 3 week period Fructosamine concentrations are approximately Fructosamine values micromol l Dogs Non diabetic 225 365 Recently diagnosed 320 850 Treated excellent control 350 400 Treated good control 400 450 Treated fair control 450 500 Treated poor control 500 Cats Non diabetic 190 365 Recently diagnosed 350 730 Treated excellent control 350 400 Treated good control 400 450 Treated fair control 450 500 Treated poor control 500 Limitations of fructosamine tests are cannot detect short term changes eg hypoglycaemia hyperthyroid cats with concurrent diabetes may have low fructosamine due to increased protein turnover rate Hypoalbuminaemia in

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/diabetesm.htm (2016-02-08)
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    more than 20 monosaccharide units This definition includes some polysaccharides of animal origin which have similar biological effects to those of plant origin and so it may be a preferable definition to use Consequences The health benefits of fibre have been known for many years Eat unbolted bread for it s salutory effects on the bowels Hippocrates 450 BC To the human body it makes a great difference whether the bread be made of fine flour or coarse whether of the wheat with the bran or the wheat without the bran Hippocrates 450 BC In fact dietary fibre has many positive and negative effects on the body including physiological structural metabolic and functional effects Rations high in dietary fibre produce the following effects On the intestine itself Increased small intestine wall thickness mucosa Increased small intestine weight Changes in the villi Increased number of neutrophils Increase mitosis cell division rate Increased number of crypt cells Blunting and disarray of villi soluble fibre Thinning of colon wall On intestinal contents Alter the transit time of food through the intestinal tract Generally fibre increases segmental contractions This slows gastric emptying slows transit through the colon but can have a varying effect on small intestine transit time Increased secretion of enzymes Altered pH of intestinal contents chyme Increased viscosity of chyme Reduced digestion link to gloss digestion of nutrients Reduced absorption link to gloss absorption of nutrients Slows the absorption rate of nutrients e g glucose Increased colonic fermentation On fecal production More fecal waste material Fecal bulking due to retention of water The fecal stool is softer and easier to pass More gas production due to increased fermentation Flatulence abdominal discomfort sometimes Increased fecal nitrogen and fat excretion Changes bacterial content of large intestine Metabolic effects Altered glucose tolerance absorption Reduced post

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/glossary/dietary%20fibre.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • PROVET HEALTHCARE INFORMATION - Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    in dogs Cause Unknown however hypersensitivity to antigens in the lumen of the intestine is thought to play an important role in the development of the disease Proposed causes are Immune disorders Several possibilities have been suggested The low concentrations of IgA reported in the intestine of German Shepherd Dogs may be a factor leading to reduced local immunity allowing antigens to cross the mucosal barrier of the intestine and there setting up an inflammatory response in the lamina priopria Drugs prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors cincophen and indomethacin non steroidal antiinflammatory drugs NSAIDs and cholinergic agents have all be implicated as possibly causing inflammatory bowel disease Diet some of the suggested possibilities for dietary influence are food additives e g carrageenan sulfated amylopectins and lignosulfonates can cause colitis in studies dietary antigens based on response to changes in diet Likely but not proven dietary deficiencies vitamin A folic acid pantothenic acid cause colitis in studies Infectious agents infectious agents have been found in affected animals but no direct link has yet been proven Other suggested causes parasites increased bowel permeability ischaemia biochemical and psychological causes Breed Occurrence Some breeds develop specific form of inflammatory bowel disease the Basenji and Ludenhound whereas

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/git-ibd.htm (2016-02-08)
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    to unknown causes has been reported In some breeds such as the Labrador Retriever it has been suggested by some authors that there may be a genetic predisposition to eat excessively and therefore to develop obesity And bad feeding practices The control of food intake is extremely complex see satiety but it is well documented that bad feeding practices can induce polyphagia Animals fed ad libitum that is with continuous

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/signs/polyphagia.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • git- colitis
    the colon The inflammatory reaction in the wall of the colon alters motility by decreasing segmentation and so intestinal contents travel through the lumen quicker than usual This results in

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/health/diseases/git-colitis.htm (2016-02-08)
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  • Fine Art - Terms & Conditions
    item being sold Payment must be made in full by credit card or by bank cheque before goods will be shipped The prices listed INCLUDE the cost of shipping and insurance to anywhere in the World All items are subject to VAT at the current UK rate Provet will endeavour to dispatch items within 2 working days of payment being cleared Purchasers must notify Provet immediately u pon receipt of

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Catalogue/finearterms.htm (2016-02-08)
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    select train feed exercise and care for each one List Price 7 99 Provet Millennium Offer Price 7 39 EACH includes delivery in UK Available Titles Cocker Spaniel CLICK HERE to order Dachshund CLICK HERE to order German Shepherd Dog

    Original URL path: http://www.provet.co.uk/Catalogue/dkdogbreedbks.htm (2016-02-08)
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