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  • UK Resus Council Anaphylaxis Training Recommendations
    use an auto injector include those who have to carry an auto injector for self use and those who may have to treat a person with anaphylaxis using an auto injector e g parents carers and teachers There is no statutory legal requirement in the UK deeming who is suitably trained to train others However any trainer has an obligation under common law to ensure they are competent to train others The Resuscitation Council UK recommends that those who train others in treating anaphylaxis and the use of adrenaline auto injectors should be appropriately qualified Trainers should be skilled in teaching others and be able to demonstrate competency in teaching others how to recognise and treat anaphylaxis including the use of an adrenaline auto injector The following groups are suggested as trainers doctors nurses resuscitation officers registered paramedics statutory ambulance service trainers voluntary aid society and voluntary rescue organisation trainers and other individuals such as accredited first aid trainers This list is not exhaustive Whilst there is no prescriptive course programme training for trainers should be based on current Resuscitation Council UK recommendations Trainers should also be familiar with the current legislation which applies to their client group All those who prescribe adrenaline auto injectors must ensure that individuals who carry an auto injector receive training in its use There is more than one available brand of auto injector so training will need to be tailored accordingly Adrenaline auto injectors are not intuitive and everyone who attends training needs to be shown how to use the device and also be given an opportunity to practise using a training device Anaphylaxis training should also include avoidance of allergens the early recognition of symptoms and crisis management which would include when to administer emergency treatment and how to care for the patient

    Original URL path: http://www.reactfirst.co.uk/live/tips46.asp (2016-02-11)
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  • Workplace First Aid Kit Standards
    good start BSI enhanced first aid kits are based on the HSE first aid kits but with added extras There are more pairs of gloves small dressings and plasters Other useful items such as eyewash burn dressings foil blankets face shields and clothing cutters have been added British Standard BSI First Aid Kits In 2011 NEW British Standards were issued for the provision of First Aid within the workplace BS 8599 1 2011 BSI enhanced first aid kits are based on the old HSE first aid kits but with added extras The Health and Safety Executive have been closely involved in the creation of this standard being members of the BSi standards committee The current guidelines contained in document L74 from the HSE are met and exceeded by the new BSi standard You must make sure that your workplace first aid kits conform to the standard BS 8599 1 2011 These kits come in fours sizes Travel Small Medium and Large Before 2011 10 20 and 50 person BHTA HSE kits we commonly available which were based on the BHTA British Healthcare Trade Association standard published in 1997 The 1997 BHTA standard was in need of a review There were only one pair of gloves in a 10 person kit but huge numbers of dressings There were 4 triangular bandages but common training protocols no longer indicate their use for immobilisation of lower limb fractures Burns gel dressings weren t available in the kits even though they are used significantly in first aid and are now much more affordable It was commonly suggested that the old kits didn t have enough plasters and wipes The BHTA withdraw the 1997 standard with effect from 31 December 2011 What does the law say The Health and Safety First Aid regulations 1981 states

    Original URL path: http://www.reactfirst.co.uk/live/tips44.asp (2016-02-11)
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  • What happened to PTLLS?
    qualifications The following qualifications will be phased out by March 2014 Levels 3 4 Award in PTLLS Preparing to Teach in the Lifelong Learning Sector Levels 3 4 Award in CTLLS Certificate in Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector Levels 5 6 7 in DTLLS Diploma in the Lifelong Learning Sector They are replaced by Level 3 Award in Training Principles and Practice Previously TSP 6 units Level 3 Award

    Original URL path: http://www.reactfirst.co.uk/live/tips43.asp (2016-02-11)
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  • Signs and Symptoms of Concussion
    a medical professional for diagnosis and guidance as well as return to play decisions even if the symptoms resolve 1 Visible clues of suspected concussion Any one or more of the following visual clues can indicate a possible concussion Loss of consciousness or responsiveness Lying motionless on ground Slow to get up Unsteady on feet Balance problems or falling over Incoordination Grabbing Clutching of head Dazed blank or vacant look Confused Not aware of plays or events 2 Signs and symptoms of suspected concussion Presence of any one or more of the following signs symptoms may suggest a concussion Loss of consciousness Headache Seizure or convulsion Dizziness Balance problems Confusion Nausea or vomiting Feeling slowed down Drowsiness Pressure in head More emotional Blurred vision Irritability Sensitivity to light Sadness Amnesia Fatigue or low energy Feeling like in a fog Nervous or anxious Neck Pain Don t feel right Sensitivity to noise Difficulty remembering Difficulty concentrating 3 Memory function Maddock s Questions Failure to answer any of these questions correctly may suggest a concussion What venue are we at today Which half is it now Who scored last in this game What team did you play last week Reference Pocket Concussion Recognition Tool Pocket CRT Click this link to download a printable PDF copy of the Pocket CRT Visit our Resources page for more useful downloads The international Rugby Board IRB chose to group the signs and symptoms of concussion by Indicators as per the table below Some people find it more memorable to see them grouped this way rather than just being in a long list I ndicator Evidence Symptoms Headache dizziness feeling in a fog Physical signs Loss of consciousness vacant expression vomiting inappropriate playing behaviour unsteady on legs slowed reactions Behavioural changes Inappropriate emotions irritability feeling nervous or

    Original URL path: http://www.reactfirst.co.uk/live/tips42.asp (2016-02-11)
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  • Concussion Management in Sports First Aid
    agreed in the Zurich statement supported by FIFA that no RTP return to play on the day of a concussive injury should occur It also stated that All athletes regardless of the level of participation should be managed using the same treatment and RTP paradigm Whilst the Zurich statement does not specifically link multiple concussions with the increased likelihood of dementia in the long term they do site the dangers of exposing yourself to the risk of a second injury while still recovering from the first In their concussion training on their website the RFU state We have concerns that repeat concussion could shorten a Player s career and may have some potential to result in permanent neurological impairment CONCUSSION MUST BE TAKEN EXTREMELY SERIOUSLY IF YOU SUSPECT A PLAYER IS SUFFERING FROM CONCUSSION THEY MUST BE REMOVED FROM PLAY IMMEDIATELY AND ASSESSED BY A MEDICAL PRACTITIONER If concussion is diagnosed then a graduated return to play programme must be followed under the guidance of the player s health practitioner or medical professional The Role of a Pitchside First Aider As a pitchside first aider you are not considered to be a health practitioner or medical professional when it comes to diagnosing concussion unless you also hold another qualification such as being a doctor The following is a recap of what a pitchside sports first aider can reasonably be expected to know about concussion and to do when attending to a player involved in a potential concussion generating impact What is Concussion The definition of concussion from the Zurich consensus statement 2012 is Concussion is a brain injury and is defined as a complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain induced by biomechanical forces Several common features that incorporate clinical pathologic and biomechanical injury constructs that may be utilised in defining the nature of a concussive head injury include Concussion may be caused either by a direct blow to the head face neck or elsewhere on the body with an impulsive force transmitted to the head Concussion typically results in the rapid onset of short lived impairment of neurological function that resolves spontaneously However in some cases symptoms and signs may evolve over a number of minutes to hours Concussion may result in neuropathological changes but the acute clinical symptoms largely reflect a functional disturbance rather than a structural injury and as such no abnormality is seen on standard structural neuroimaging studies Concussion results in a graded set of clinical symptoms that may or may not involve loss of consciousness Resolution of the clinical and cognitive symptoms typically follows a sequential course However it is important to note that in some cases symptoms may be prolonged ref Consensus statement Zurich 2012 In summary Concussion is a complex process caused by trauma that transmits force to the brain either directly or indirectly and results in temporary impairment of brain function Its development and resolution are rapid and spontaneous A Player can sustain a concussion without losing consciousness Concussion is associated with a

    Original URL path: http://www.reactfirst.co.uk/live/tips41.asp (2016-02-11)
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  • 1st October 2013 - New First Aid Regulations Take Effect
    no longer see any training providers saying they are HSE Approved The Health and Safety First Aid regulations have finally been amended so that the HSE no longer approve first aid training or qualifications This means that the onus has shifted onto employers to satisfy themselves that first aid providers are up to the job of providing first aid training that is suitable as the HSE no longer approve first aid training providers or qualifications The HSE published document HSE GEIS3 provides a 4 page due diligence check list with appendix for employers that they have to keep for inspection Some added bureaucracy for employers when booking first aid training NO DON T PANIC Due to awarding organisations offering regulated qualifications you do not have to use the checklist to satisfy yourself of the competency of that organisation ref para 12 GEIS3 This means that if you use a training provider Like React First who is a centre Approved by an Awarding Organisation to deliver First Aid Qualifications you DO NOT have to do this due diligence you can assume that the organisation is competent to provide first aid training for you SIMPLE More Information Read the HSE press release October 01 2013 here for more information Download the updated First Aid at Work guidance on regulations This third edition takes account of the amendment to regulation 3 2 which removes the requirement for HSE to approve the training and qualifications of appointed first aid personnel and to incorporate some additional amendments brought about by other previous legislative changes These changes were made following a recommendation from Reclaiming Health and Safety for All An independent review of health and safety legislation by Professor Ragnar E Löfstedt which was published in November 2011 Download the HSE Information sheet here GEIS3 Selecting

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  • What Qualifications do First Aid Trainers and Assessors Need to Hold?
    with the General Medical Council GMC registration as a nurse with the Nursing and Midwifery Council NMC registration as a paramedic with the Health and Care Professions Council HCPC 2 be occupationally competent in the area of training and or assessing in line with the Learning and Development NOS 9 Assess Learner Achievement This could be evidenced by holding a qualification listed below please note that this list is not exhaustive SQA Accredited Learning and Development Unit 9DI Assess workplace competences using direct and indirect methods replacing Units A1 and D32 33 SQA Accredited Learning and Development Unit 9D Assess workplace competence using direct methods replacing Units A2 and D32 QCF Qualifications based on the Learning and Development NOS 9 Assess Learner Achievement Level 3 Award in Assessing Competence in the Work Environment QCF Level 3 Award in Assessing Vocationally Related Achievement QCF Level 3 Award in Understanding the Principles and Practices of Assessment QCF Level 3 Certificate in Assessing Vocational Achievement QCF A1 or D32 D33 A2 or D32 Further and Adult Education Teachers Certificate Cert Ed PGCE B Ed M Ed PTLLS CTLLS DTLLS S NVQ level 3 in Training and Development S NVQ level 4 in Training

    Original URL path: http://www.reactfirst.co.uk/live/tips38.asp (2016-02-11)
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  • What spinal immobilisation techniques are taught on a Sports First Aid course?
    to have this training because it is not possible keep a head neck and spine in line in water without a spinal board and they are responsible for removing casualties from the water The decision to move a casualty with a suspected spinal injury and place them onto a spinal board is most commonly taken by a qualified medical professional If you wish to make this decision as a first aider you must have a justified reason why it was not possible to leave the casualty in the position that they were found and immobilise their head and neck using a manual technique Being strapped to a spinal board is uncomfortable and distressing for conscious casualties A casualty cannot be removed from the board until they have been cleared by a medical professional which could be in a few hours time When in discomfort many casualties continually try to move to reduce the discomfort Medical professionals have advanced airway management skills and tools such as suction devices and intubation tubes to manage the airway of a casualty who is on their back on a spinal board should they become unresponsive or start to vomit A first aider does not have these skills or tools and the first aid treatment for an unresponsive breathing casualty is to place them on their side in a safe airway position On a one or two day first aid course which is not revalidated for 3 years it is unreasonable to expect a first aider to be able to acquire and maintain the skills required to use a spinal board safely Continual updating of these skills is required What training and equipment is required to manage a full spinal immobilisation Many clubs buy a spinal board but do not realise that they also need collars

    Original URL path: http://www.reactfirst.co.uk/live/tips35.asp (2016-02-11)
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web-archive-uk.com, 2016-10-27